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For questions 1-15, read this text and decide which answer A, B, C or D best fits each space.

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Each educational programme 1________ four engineering profiles according to types of engineering activities, such as research engineer, design engineer, industrial engineer and field engineer. These four 2_________ engineering activities form rather a circle than a line. Thereby, a field engineer 3________ the activity performed by research, design and industrial engineers. The activity of a field engineer 4_________ like this stimulates the 5__________ of science, engineering, technological and social progress. The four kinds of engineering activity not only complement but also 6__________ each other. Any engineering activity includes 7__________. The activity of research engineers is impossible without a clear idea of 8__________, technological capabilities and operational requirements for products. Many of engineering problems thread all stages of engineering activity and can be successively solved as a result of cooperative efforts of all engineering types of activity. Today engineering activity requires knowledge in related disciplines not only allied but also in other 9__________ and engineering fields. Having acquired this kind of knowledge an engineer will be capable to change the field of his activity and work at the 10________ between professions.


1)Aincludes Bmeans Cinvolves Dimplies
2)Aadditional Bextra Ccomplementary Dsupplementary
3)Adirects Bchannels Clevels at Daims at
4)Aperformed Bintroduced Cshown Dgiven
5) Adevelopment Bincrease Crise Ddecrease
6)A fill Binterpenetrate Csaturate Dimbue
7)Asearch Bsurvey Cresearch Dexploration
8)Afeatures B properties Cqualities Dcharacteristics
9)Aeducational Btechnological Cresearch Dscientific
10)Aconnection Blink Cinterface Dunit


Use the words given in capitals to form the words that fit in the spaces.

Creativity in Engineering

Creation of new 1________ is one of the 2______ forms of creativity. What concerns engineering and many other 3_______, new knowledge is not the final purpose of creativity. The more 4________ a problem is the more difficult will be a solution, the more dedicated should be creativity. Creativity 5________ a routine work, for example to make standard 6________. Then routine work in creativity will take 7________ time, and the main attention will be 8_______ to creativity. Creativity is the 9________ of engineering activity. A 10________ form of engineering creativity is 11_______ and rationalization activities which may result in 12________. KNOW, HIGH CREATE COMPLICATE IMPLY CALCULATE SUFFICIENT PAY, BASE TYPE INVENT DISCOVER



Work in pairs. Choose two jobs from the list below that you would like to do. Then choose two which you would not like to do. Come to an agreement in your pair and explain your choice.

Aerospace Engineer Materials Engineer
Agricultural Engineer Mechanical Engineer
Biomedical Engineer Nuclear Engineer
Chemical Engineer Petroleum Engineer
Civil Engineer Public Health Engineer
Electrical Engineer Sound Technician
Electronic Engineer Special Effects Technician
Environmental Engineer Telecommunications Technician
IT Engineer Transport Engineer

18 a) Look at these pictures carefully and define the types of engineering (use activity 17 for help). In groups of 3 or 4 discuss advantages and disadvantages of each type.

(1) (2)

(3) (4)

(5) (6)

Дата добавления: 2015-10-31; просмотров: 312 | Нарушение авторских прав

Читайте в этой же книге: ANOTHER DISCOVERY CHANNEL | Take a look at the 6 statements stated by people having PhD. Agree or disagree with them, prove your opinion. | Read the following competencies for the entrepreneurial engineer and give your comments. | Choose the right engineering abilities below for each category in the Table. The number of abilities is in brackets. | A) Complete the table with personal and professional abilities. Use the list below. Give the reasons. | Rank the professions below according to how ethical you think they are. | C) In groups discuss the meaning of the question. | Role play this situation. | Look at the table and match the information from columns A, B and C. | C Nursing care for family members |
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Look at the following words in bold in the texts and try to explain them. Consult the dictionary if necessary.| B) Choose any picture you like and prepare the description of this picture for your group-mates to guess.

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