Each educational programme 1________ four engineering profiles according to types of engineering activities, such as research engineer, design engineer, industrial engineer and field engineer. These four 2_________ engineering activities form rather a circle than a line. Thereby, a field engineer 3________ the activity performed by research, design and industrial engineers. The activity of a field engineer 4_________ like this stimulates the 5__________ of science, engineering, technological and social progress. The four kinds of engineering activity not only complement but also 6__________ each other. Any engineering activity includes 7__________. The activity of research engineers is impossible without a clear idea of 8__________, technological capabilities and operational requirements for products. Many of engineering problems thread all stages of engineering activity and can be successively solved as a result of cooperative efforts of all engineering types of activity. Today engineering activity requires knowledge in related disciplines not only allied but also in other 9__________ and engineering fields. Having acquired this kind of knowledge an engineer will be capable to change the field of his activity and work at the 10________ between professions.
|3)Adirects||Bchannels||Clevels at||Daims at|
Use the words given in capitals to form the words that fit in the spaces.
Creativity in Engineering
|Creation of new 1________ is one of the 2______ forms of creativity. What concerns engineering and many other 3_______, new knowledge is not the final purpose of creativity. The more 4________ a problem is the more difficult will be a solution, the more dedicated should be creativity. Creativity 5________ a routine work, for example to make standard 6________. Then routine work in creativity will take 7________ time, and the main attention will be 8_______ to creativity. Creativity is the 9________ of engineering activity. A 10________ form of engineering creativity is 11_______ and rationalization activities which may result in 12________.||KNOW, HIGH CREATE COMPLICATE IMPLY CALCULATE SUFFICIENT PAY, BASE TYPE INVENT DISCOVER|
Work in pairs. Choose two jobs from the list below that you would like to do. Then choose two which you would not like to do. Come to an agreement in your pair and explain your choice.
|Aerospace Engineer||Materials Engineer|
|Agricultural Engineer||Mechanical Engineer|
|Biomedical Engineer||Nuclear Engineer|
|Chemical Engineer||Petroleum Engineer|
|Civil Engineer||Public Health Engineer|
|Electrical Engineer||Sound Technician|
|Electronic Engineer||Special Effects Technician|
|Environmental Engineer||Telecommunications Technician|
|IT Engineer||Transport Engineer|
18 a) Look at these pictures carefully and define the types of engineering (use activity 17 for help). In groups of 3 or 4 discuss advantages and disadvantages of each type.
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|Look at the following words in bold in the texts and try to explain them. Consult the dictionary if necessary.|||||B) Choose any picture you like and prepare the description of this picture for your group-mates to guess.|