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Vocabulary. 1. Find the English equivalents for the following Russian words and word combinations as used in the text:

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  5. I. Active Vocabulary.
  6. III. Translate from Russian into English, using the vocabulary from the text.

1. Find the English equivalents for the following Russian words and word combinations as used in the text:



приобрести союзников;


вооружен­ное противостояние;

урегулировать конфликт;

трудноразрешимый конфликт;




проводить широкомасштабные;

военные учения;

согласиться с претензиями;

в кредит;


исчезающие виды;



срок истекает;


пошлины на товары.

2. Choose the best definition to the following words from the text:


1. Realm

a) a royal domain; kingdom;

b) a field of interest, study, knowledge;

c) an area of ground specially prepared and marked for playing games.


2. To Urge

a) to advise or try hard to persuade sb to do sth;

b) to make a person or an animal move more quickly and/or in a particu­lar direction, especially by pushing or forcing them;

c) to recommend sth strongly.


3. Coincidence

a) a surprising and unexpected situation in which two things that are connected happen at the same time, in the same place, or to the same people;

b) the fact of two or more opinions being the same;

c) the state or quality of being unlike.


4. Campaign

a) a series of attacks and battles that are intended to achieve a particular military aim during a war;

b) a business enterprise;

c) (against / for sth) a series of planned activities that are intended to achieve a particular social, commercial or political aim.


5. To miss

a) to discover or regret the loss or absence of;

b) to fail to hit, catch, reach, etc. sth;

c) to fail to hear, see or notice sth.


6. Dispute

a) an argument or a disagreement between two people, groups or coun­tries;

b) a conversation or discussion in which two or more people disagree, of­ten angrily;

c) a formal discussion of an issue at a public meeting or in a parliament.


7. Utterly

a) completely or totally;

b) willingly;

c) unfortunately.


8. Uproar

a) a sound, especially when it is loud, unpleasant or disturbing;

b) a situation in which people shout and make a lot of noise;

c) a situation in which there is a lot of public criticism and angry argu­ment about sth.


9. To score

a) to succeed, to have an advantage;

b) to win points, goals, etc. in a game or competition;

c) to arrange a piece of music for one or more musical instruments or for voices.


10. Miserable

a) unhappy or depressed;

b) too small in quantity;

c) causing misery, discomfort.



Make a summary of the article. Use the expressions given in Appendix II.


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