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FAIR TRADE

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8.1 About Business – Fair trade or Free trade

1. to feel guilty To feel very ashamed and sad because you know that you have done something wrong Чувствовать себя виноватым
2. to deprive of to prevent someone from having something, especially something that they need or should have Отбирать, лишать
3. to be entirely compatible able to exist or be used together without causing problems Совместимый
4. prosperity when people have money and everything that is needed for a good life Процветание
5. poor / poverty having very little money and not many possessions /the situation or experience of being poor Бедный / бедность
6. to relieve / relief to reduce someone's pain or unpleasant feelings / a feeling of comfort when something frightening, worrying, or painful has ended or has not happened Облегчить / облегчение
7. government-enforced made to happen by government приведённый в исполнение правительством
8. to distort the market to change a situation from the way it was on the market Деформировать рынок
9. artificially high price Overprice, overestimated price Искусственно завышенная цена
10. to pursue higher standards to continue doing an activity or trying to reach high standards over a long period of time Преследовать более высокие стандарты

 

8.2 Vocabulary – Contracts and corporate ethics

1. to enter into the agreement to make an official agreement to do something Вступить в соглашение
2. hereby as a result of this statement - used in official situations Этим, таким образом
3. to undertake to accept that you are responsible for a piece of work, and start to do it брать на себя, ручаться
4. on or before Not later than не позднее
5. hereinafter later in this official statement, document etc Ниже, в дальнейшем
6. to be deemed received To be considered as received Считаться полученным
7. regardless of the cause thereof relating to something that has just been mentioned Независимо от вышеупомянутого
8. to give notice To provide information or a warning about something that is going to happen ставить в известность, предупреждать
9. irrevocable Something that cannot be changed or stopped Неизменимое обязательство
10. to empower /empowerment To give someone more control over their own life or situation предоставление полномочий

 

8.4 Speaking – Negotiating a compromise

1. I’m prepared to meet you halfway. I’m ready to compromise Я готов пойти Вам на встречу
2. I can live with that. That is something I can get used to.; That is all right as far as I'm concerned Меня это устраивает
3. I’d be reluctant to… I would not be willing to… Я бы не хотел
4. individually-wrapped a product on which you put paper or cloth to cover it Отдельно-упакованный
5. an index-linked index-linked wages, pensions etc, increase or decrease according to the rise or fall of prices Индексированный
6. to reject the compromise Not to accept an agreement that is achieved after everyone involved accepts less than what they wanted at first Отклонить компромисс
7. to accept with conditions to agree to take or deal with something that someone gives you on some conditions Принять при условии
8. neighboring country A country which is located nearby geographically Страна по соседству
9. a surplus of commodities an amount of product that is more than what is need Излишек товаров

 

8.5 Writing – Assertive writing

1. submissive always willing to obey someone and never disagreeing with them, even if they are unkind to you покорный
2. assertiveness / assertive   behaving in a confident way, so that people notice you настойчивость / настойчивый
3. especially frustrating making you feel annoyed, upset, or impatient because you cannot do what you want to do особенно приводящий в расстройство
4. under no circumstances there is no way it can happen Ни при каких обстоятельствах
5. despite numerous emails In spite of a big amount of emails Не смотря на многочисленные письма
6. what is especially annoying What makes you feel angry Что особенно раздражает / беспокоит
7. as things stand under existing conditions в сложившейся ситуации
8. by and large As a rule, in general в общем и целом, как правило
9. regrettably used to talk about a situation that you wish was different or that you are sorry about к сожалению
10. to be furious with To be very angry because of something быть взбешённым чем-то

 



8.6 Case Study – Green Hills Coffee

1. coffee beans a seed or a pod of coffee кофейные зерна
2. to effect judgment to perform the ruling of the court Осуществлять, оформлять решение суда
3. to prove to show that something is true by providing facts, information etc доказывать
4. planting in virgin forest area putting plants or seeds in the ground to grow in a forest in its natural state, before it has been explored or exploited by man Плантация в девственном лесу
5. in breach of contract an action that breaks an agreement невыполнение контракта
6. to turn a blind eye to choose to ignore behaviour that you know is wrong смотреть сквозь пальцы
7. to sort out the problem to successfully deal with a problem or difficult situation Улаживать проблему
8. to prohibit to say that an action is illegal or not allowed запрещать
9. legally binding contract a promise, agreement etc that must be obeyed according to the law юридически обязывающий договор
10. to jeopardize to risk losing or spoiling something important подвергать опасности

 

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