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My Family

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  4. Let me introduce myself and my family

План заняття

І. Робота з текстом. Підготовка розповіді про себе і свою сім’ю.

1. Прочитайте та перекладіть текст “My Family”. Складіть за поданим зразком розповідь про свою сім’ю та вивчіть її напам’ять.

My Family

Before I start talking about my family let me introduce myself. I am Sveta Petrenko. I am 17. I left school in June. I was born in Kyiv, and I have been living in Kyiv since my childhood.

And now I am going to tell you about my family. We are a family of five. We think we are a large and friendly family. So we are happy to be living together and are getting on all right.

To begin with, I am going to talk about my father. His name is Serhiy, he is 45. He works as a surgeon at a hospital. He is neither old, nor young. He is a good-looking man, handsome, rather thin with dark brown hair just beginning to go grey. He is a very sociable person. What I don't like about my dad is that he is always busy. Very often he works overtime. He is a breadwinner in our family. He is fond of going to the country at weekends, because he enjoys working in the garden.

My mother's name is Halyna. She is three years younger than my fa­ther. She works as a teacher at a nursery school. My mother is rather slim and pretty, she is always elegant and smart. In short, she is a pleasant-looking woman of about 40. She always has a lot of work to do both at school and about the house. She is fond of her work and spends a lot of time there. But she has to cook the food for the whole family at home. Shopping and cooking is nearly half a day's work for her. But my granny and I are in the habit of helping her about the house.

Boris is my elder brother. He is six years senior to me. So he is 23 already. He has graduated from university and he is an economist by profession now. Boris is married. His wife is a journalist. They have got a child, my nephew. He is a lovely little boy of two with golden hair and dark brown eyes and a spirit that is always bright and happy, full of joy and gaiety.

And finally a few words about my granny. To tell you the truth, she is my best friend. She always listens to my endless stories about my friends and my school life. She is retired now but in her youth and her older age she worked as a teacher in school. I must admit, she is a very understanding person.

To put it into a few words, we are a united and friendly family.


to introduce oneself— знайомити з кимось

to leave school— закінчувати школу

surgeon —хірург

handsom — вродливий (про чо­ловіка)

sociable — комунікабельний

to work overtime— працювати понаднормово

breadwinner— годувальник

to be fond of—подобатися, вподобати

slim — стрункий

pretty —вродлива (про жінку)

to graduate from the University –закінчити університет

elegant — елегантний

smart— добре вдягнений, вишуканий

to have a habit of helping about the house –мати звичку допомагати по господарству

senior— старший, старше

junior —молодший

to be married— бути одруженим

nephew — племінник, небіж

gaiety— веселість

separately- окремо

endless— нескінченний

to be retired— бути на пенсії

ІІ. Виконання післятекстових вправ.

2. Які з поданих тверджень є правдивими, а які хибними?

1. My mother Halyna works as a teacher at the lyceum.

2. Boris is my younger brother.

3. My father is my best friend.

4. There are two relatives in my family who have the same profession.

5. My mother is not fond of work and she would like to change it.

6. My step-sister is a journalist.

7. My nephew is my sister’s child.

8. What I don’t like about my father is that he is always busy.

9. My mother is our breadwinner.

10. My father is fond of fishing.

3. Запишіть до словника та вивчіть наступні слова:

family —сім 'я parents— батьки mother /mum—мати (мама) father /dad— батько (тато) son— син daughter — дочка sister— сестра brother— брат grandfather— дід, дідусь grandmother— бабуся greatgrandfather— прадід greatgrandmother— прабабка grandson— онук granddaughter— онука grandparents— дід і баба   grandchildren— онуки uncle— дядько aunt—тітка nephew— племінник, небіж niece— племінниця, небога cousin— двоюрідний брат (двоюрідна сест­ра) second cousin – троюрідний брат/сестра father (mother)-in-law – свекор/тесть (свекруха/теща) son (daughter)-in-law – зять (невістка) nephew ['nefju:] – племінник niece [ni:s] – племінниця husband – чоловік wife – дружина step-father (-mother) – вітчим (мачуха)

ІІІ. Робота з граматичним матеріалом. Таблиця часових форм англійської мови.

Граматичний матеріал:ознайомтеся з таблицею часових форм англійською мови, звернувши увагу на умовні скорочення

Умовні скорочення:

V – дієслово

V2 – дієслово у 2-й формі

V3 – дієслово у 3-й формі


-ed закінчення



Таблиця часових форм англійської мови

  Present Past Future
Simple / Indefinite V ( + -s/-es) Повторювана / постійна дія в теперішньому часі He goes there every day. He does not go there every day Does he go there every day? Показники часу: Every day (week, month, year), always, often, sometimes, seldom, usually, rarely V + -ed or V2 Одноразова / постійна або повторювана дія в минулому; низка послідовних дій у минулому He stopped. He did not stop. Did he stop? Показники часу: Ago, yesterday, last month (week, year) will (shall) + V Дія, що відбудеться у майбутньому He will come in a minute. He will not come in a minute. Will he come in a minute? Показники часу: Tomorrow, next month (week, year)
Progressive /Continuous am/is/are + V + -ing Дія, що відбувається в момент мовлення / в певний період теперішнього часу He is reading now. He is not reading now Is he reading now? Показники часу: Now, at the moment was/were + V + -ing Дія, що відбувалась, тривала в певний момент або протягом якогось періоду часу в минулому He was eating when I came. He wasn’t eating when I came. Was he eating when you came? Показники часу: While, when will (shall) + be +V + -ing Дія, що відбуватиметься в якийсь момент або період часу в майбутньому He will be reading at this time next week. He will not be reading at this time next week. Will he be reading at this time next week? Показники часу: At this time tomorrow (next week, next month, next year)
Perfect have/has + V3 Дія, яка відбулась до моменту мовлення, і той, хто говорить, має на увазі результат цієї дії He has just come. He has not just come. Has he just come? Показники часу: Already, recently, lately, seldom, rarely, just, yet had + V3 Дія, що вже закінчилась до іншої минулої дії або до певного моменту в минулому He had come before we left. He had not come before we left. Had he come before we left? Показники часу: After, before, by, unless, until, till will (shall) + have + V3 Дія, що закінчиться до певного моменту або до початку іншої дії в майбутньому They will have done it by Monday. They will not have done it by Monday. Will they have done it by Monday? Показники часу: By, until, till, before
Perfect Progressive /Continuous have/has + been + V + -ing Дія, що почалася в минулому і тривала протягом певного періоду і або все ще продовжується в цей момент, або щойно закінчилася. We have been jogging since morning. We have not been jogging since morning. Have we been jogging since morning? Показники часу: For, since had + been + V + -ing Дія, яка почалася до якогось моменту в минулому і або продовжувалася в цей момент, або закінчилася безпосередньо перед ним. Children had been quarrelling for ten minutes before father stopped them. Показники часу: Before will (shall)+ have + been + V + -ing Майбутня дія, що, розпочавшись у майбутньому, триватиме протягом певного періоду часу до настання іншої, більш пізньої майбутньої дії або моменту. By May Ann will have been teaching here for ten years. Показники часу: By… for

ІV. Виконання граматичних вправ.

1. Розкрийте дужки, обираючи правильну форму дієслова:

I'd like (describe) Carry's routine day. He (wake up) rather early and never (go) downstairs to the kitchen and (have) breakfast. His servant, Harry, usually (take) it there. While Garry (drink) his orange juice and eat his toast, Harry (try) (do) the room. And this (occur) the other day. "Where you (put) your gold watch?" Harry cried. "Where (be) your watch? I (look) for it for half an hour but i can't (find) it anywhere." Garry (watch) his male servant (run) about the room. "I think I (lose) it," he said at last. Yesterday at 6 I (meet) my friend, Sir Julius. I (not have) my watch then. I evidently (lose) it by the time. I (not be) sure I (be able) (find) it. I decided to buy some new one. I was sure if you (notice) I (have) no watch you would be disappointed. And you really (be)!

2.Перефразуйте стверджувальні речення у негативні та питальні:

1. Ms. Maria always has breakfast every morning. 2. Bob saw a beautiful girl at the party last night. 3. My parents have lived in this house since ten years ago. 4. My sister will marry her boyfriend when she is graduated from college. 5. I was studying at home when he knocked the door. 6. I am trying to listen to the radio. 7. She had finished her homework when I arrived at her house. 8. Mommy always gets up early in the morning. 9. Ben got bad marks in his last examination. 10. She has fixed her cell phone several times.

3. Заповніть пропуски, добираючи необхідну форму дієслова:

1. I (learn) English for seven years now.

2. But last year I (not / work) hard enough for English, that's why my marks(not / be) really that good then.

3. As I (pass / want) my English exam successfully next year, I (study) harder this term.

4. It (be) great and I (think) I (learn) a lot.

5. Before I (go) to London, I (not / enjoy) learning English.

6. There I (notice) how important it (be) to speak foreign languages nowadays.

7. Now I (have) much more fun learning English than I (have) before the course.

8. At the moment I (revise) English grammar.

9. And I (begin / already) to read the texts in my English textbooks again.

10. I (think) I (do) one unit every week.

11. My exam (be) on 15 May, so there (not / be) any time to be lost.

12. And after my apprenticeship, maybe I (go) back to London to work there for a while.

13. As you (see / can), I (become) a real London fan already.


V. Робота з текстом за професійним спрямуванням.

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