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Vocabulary. 3. Find the English equivalents for the following Russian words and word combinations as used in the text:

Читайте также:
  1. Active vocabulary
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  4. General English Vocabulary
  5. I. Active Vocabulary.
  6. III. Translate from Russian into English, using the vocabulary from the text.
  7. IV. VOCABULARY SKILLS

3. Find the English equivalents for the following Russian words and word combinations as used in the text:


поток;

оптом;

начало войны;

потомки;

благородное собрание,;

выпускать;

нормы;

гибкий;

искусственный;

естественная среда;

базовые знания грамматики;

всего лишь;

шпион;

ошеломляющий;

укреплять;

расцвет;

постепенно исчезать;

завоевать;

вездесущий;

багажник, капот;

вытеснять;

безобразный;

беспокоить/досаждать;

отвратительный;

новичок;

самый важный элемент;

род;

вкрадываться;

увольнение;

отключение подачи электроэнергии;

негодование;

развивать;

заманчивый;

живость;

говорить откровенно;

яркий пример;

абсолютный;

отсутствие;

самосознание;

подобострастие/рабо­лепие;

да здравствует...;

целостность;

изысканный.


 

4. Choose the best definition to the following words from the text:

1. To forge

a) to make or produce a fraudulent imitation of (a signature, banknote);

b) to put a lot of effort into making sth successful or strong so that it will last;

c) to invent or devise (an agreement, understanding).

 

2. To fail

a) to stop working;

b) not to be successful in achieving sth;

c) not to pass a test or an exam.

 

3. Sophisticated

a) having refined or cultured tastes and habits;

b) (of machines, methods) complex and refined;

c) unreasonably refined or cultured.

 

4. Accurate

a) correct and true in every detail;

b) attractive;

c) able to give completely correct information or to do sth in an exact way.

 

5. Vigour

a) legal force or effectiveness; validity;

b) substantial effective energy or force;

c) the capacity for survival or strong healthy growth in a plant or animal.

 

6. Sloppy

a) informal, esp. BrE romantic in a silly or embarrassing way

b) that shows a lack of care, thought or effort;

c) (of clothes) loose and without much shape.

 

7. To wither

a) (esp of a plant) to droop, wilt, or shrivel up;

b) to fade or waste;

c) to decay, decline, or disintegrate.

 

8. Supple

a) bending easily without damage;

b) capable of or showing easy or graceful movement;

c) mentally flexible; responding readily.

 

5. Put the underlined words in the correct form. (You may find the answers in the article):

1. A person’s health improves with the avoid of stress.

2. Recession at the time seemed avoid.

3. Inflation is now at a rate compare with that in other European countries.

4. He launched a vigour campaign against tax fraud.

5. The accusation was vigour denied.

6. Idle makes the wit rust.

 

6. Paraphrase the underlined expressions. Give a proper translation of the sentences:

1. His descendants have blended into the landscape.

2. American usages no longer swim to our shores as single spies. They come in battalions.

3. New usages appear in the media and drift into everyday conversation.

 


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Читайте в этой же книге: Герои своего времени | THE LANGUAGE WE SPEAK SHAPES HOW WE THINK | TEXT XVI | Cultural References | TEXT XVII | Самый близкий язык к Богу | ACROSS ALL CULTURES, ENGLISH SAYS IT ALL | TEXT XIX | TEXTING SHORTHAND GR8s ON PURISTS, BUT IT HAS ITS CHARMS | Vocabulary |
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