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Vocabulary. 1. Find the English equivalents for the following Russian words and word combinations as used in the text:

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  5. I. Active Vocabulary.
  6. III. Translate from Russian into English, using the vocabulary from the text.
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1. Find the English equivalents for the following Russian words and word combinations as used in the text:


прагматический, родной язык;



новые правила;





нелепые предложения.


2. Choose the best definition to the following words from the text:

1. To emerge

a) to come out of a dark, enclosed or hidden place;

b) (of facts, ideas, etc.) to become known;

c) to survive a difficult situation or experience.


2. To attempt

a) to make an effort or try to do sth, especially sth difficult, dangerous, or has never been done before;

b) to make an effort to do or get sth;

c) to try very hard to achieve sth or to defeat sth.


3. Curiosity

a) (inf., disapproving) a desire to find out private things about sb, esp. by looking secretly around a place;

b) an unusual and interesting thing;

c) a strong desire to know about sth.


4. To evolve

a) to develop gradually, especially from a simple to a more complicated form;

b) (of plants, animals) to develop gradually over many generations from a simple form to a more complicated one;

c) to gradually grow or become bigger, more advanced, stronger.


5. Response

a) spoken or written answer;

b) a reaction to sth that has happened or been said;

c) a part of a church service that the people sing or speak as an answer to the part that the priest sings or speaks.


6. Evidence

a) the information that is used in a court of law to try to prove sth;

b) the facts, signs or objects that make you believe that sth is true;

c) information, documents, etc. that show that sth is true.


7. Acceptable

a) agreed or approved of by most people in a society;

b) not very good but good enough;

c) good enough for a particular purpose.


8. Backlash

a) a strong negative reaction by a number of people, for example to sth that has recently changed in society;

b) the act of expressing disapproval of sb/sth and opinions about their faults or bad qualities;

c) feeling that you do not like an idea or an action because you think it is bad, not suitable or going to have a bad effect on sb else.


3. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line:

1. Children must learn socially............................. behaviour. ACCEPT

2. This assumption played a considerable part in increasing the social ………..of divorce. ACCEPT

3. He asked me to marry him and I............. ACCEPT

4. In politics Britain has preferred............. to revolution. EVOLVE

5. Firms have to be............ to consumer demand. RESPONSE

6. Mike is................ for designing the entire project. RESPONSE

7. She was given promotion and more................. RESPONSE

8. Whether I believe you or not is................. now. RELEVANT

9. She has a highly................ mind. INVENT

10. ……..Fax machines were a wonderful.......... at the time. INVENT


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Читайте в этой же книге: Vocabulary Notes | COMMUNING THROUGH CLEANING | Герои своего времени | THE LANGUAGE WE SPEAK SHAPES HOW WE THINK | TEXT XVI | Cultural References | TEXT XVII | Самый близкий язык к Богу | ACROSS ALL CULTURES, ENGLISH SAYS IT ALL | TEXT XIX |
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