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II. Answer the following questions.

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  1. Ex.12. Read and translate the following sentences paying attention to the equivalents of the modal verbs. If possible, replace equivalents by the appropriate modal verbs.
  2. Exercise 11 Translate the following sentences.
  3. Exercise 24 Translate the following sentences.
  4. Exercise 30 Translate the following sentences.
  5. I Mind the following words and word-combinations
  6. II. Act out the following mini-dialogues. Substitute phrases.
  1. What is the text about?

__________________________________________________________________________2.Why is the bumper sticker “Practice Acts of Random Kindness and Senseless Beauty” so popular in America? _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

3.What time is it not convenient to go jogging?

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________4.What do you have to do if you are pointed at with weapon?

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________5. What must be used to avoid being a victim?



Упр.35.Прочитайте текст и выполните задания:



1. Read the text and choose the best title.

1) Violent teenagers and their problems

2) Be polite or lose free travel, young told

3) Security measures in London

4) No alcohol on public transport


Teenagers will be told to “stand up for their elders” on public transport – or risk losing their right to free travel.

London Mayor Boris Johnson unveiled plans to make youngsters sign a “courtesy pledge” to promise to behave in a respectful manner when travelling in London.

The three-point pledge states that they must give up their seats to the elderly, pregnant and disabled: refrain from using offensive or threatening language; and be courteous and polite to fellow passengers and staff.

Those who refuse, or are caught behaving in a loutish manner will have their free travel passes removed.

The plan affects the 400,000 11-to-15-year-olds in London who qualify for free travel cards. The initiative chimes perfectly with the push to create a Big Society. It is about changing culture and expectations around behavior to improve the atmosphere on buses and train for everyone.

Teenagers found guilty of a serious breach of the new behavior code will lose their travel passes, and will carry out unpaid community work to have them restored. Mr Johnson is also introducing a “two strikes and you are out” policy to deal with repeat offenders, under which those committing a second serious breach of the code will lose their travel rights permanently.

The plan would cost taxpayers nothing as the pledge would be incorporated into the existing application process for youngsters’ free travel passes.

The move follows an earlier initiative of Mr Johnson that banned the consumption of alcohol on public transport. And crime on London buses has been cut by almost a third since the ban was introduced in 2008.

2. Number the following statements as they are covered in the text.

1) ____ Results of introducing of anti-alcohol campaign on buses

2) ____ Punishment for breaking the rule

3) ____ The age group affected

4) ____ Outline of the pledge

5) ____ Rules of dealing with repeat offenders


3. Decide whether the following statements are True (T), False (F) or Not Given (NG):

1) ____ Teenagers sign the pledge voluntary.

2) ____ Teenagers are getting more and more violent everywhere.

3) ____ All teenagers have the privilege of free travel in London.

4) ____ Repeat offenders can lose their free travel cards for ever.

5) ____ Taxpayers don’t have to pay for this initiative.

6) ____ The plan described was followed by the initiative to ban alcohol on public transport.

7) _____ The Pledge reduced crime rate on London buses and trains.

8) _____ The measure is designed to improve cultural patterns of behavior.


4. Answer the following questions:

1. How many items are there in the pledge of courtesy?

2. Who can be qualified to get free travel in London?

3. Who will have to carry out unpaid community work?

4. What does a “two strikes and you’re out” policy mean?

5. Name at least two initiatives by London Mayor.

6. In what ways can Londoners benefit from this plan?



Unveil – раскрыть

Pledge – присяга

Courtesy – учтивость, вежливость

Loutish – наглый

Ban – запрет



Упр.36.Прочитайте текст и выполните задания:


1. Read the text and choose the best subtitles.

1) Last year he killed 77 people – now it’s room service and his own suite

2) The biography of Breivik

3) The victims of the mass murder

4) No remorse

Andreas Behring Breivik is the man responsible for the most notorious mass murder in Norway. Last year the 33-year old set off a bomb in the centre of the capitol that killed eight people and then two hours later went on a shooting rampage on the island of Utonya, killing another 69, many of the Norwegian Labour Party’s youth wing attending a summer camp.

Today he has breakfast of porridge served with either cheese or ham, and a jug of black coffee. After breakfast he undertakes his regular exercise regime in his gym. He enjoys a “suite” of three cells. One is bedroom, one the gym and the third has a computer. He also has a room service bell which he can ring to have cigarettes. But he is kept apart from the other inmates as they might kill him.

Breivik does not deny his role in the worst peace-time massacre. Nor has he sown a shred of remorse.

1) Public outcry

2) Brevik’s mental heath

3) “He has compared it to being in kindergarten”

4) Conditions in the prison

Randi Rosenqvist, a court psychiatrist who has assessed Breivik’s mental health has said he has compared his time in prison with being in “kindergarten”.

The leniency with which he is being treated is entirely in keeping with the county’s penal system, one of the most “progressive” in Europe. The focus is on rehabilitation rather than punishment.

He has access to a family package of 15 television channels. In 2009 prisoners

campaigned for, and were granted access to legal pornography channel. He is also allowed to write letters. Last month he wrote a 38-page open letter to three Norwegian news websites.

The killer wants as much attention as he can get. And that, at least, seems guaranteed.

2. Choose the statement that reflects the main idea of the text.

1) The worst massacre in modern history of Norway

2) The leniency of the penal system

3) Brevik’s mental health


3. Complete the following sentences by choosing the suitable options.

1) Breivik… killing 77 people.

a) denies

b) admits

c) regrets

2) In Norway there is …. correctional system.


a) lenient

b) severe

c) the best

3)…. Compares his time in prison with being in kindergarten.

a) Breivik’s lawyer

b) Breivik’s psychiatrist

c) Breivik himself


4, decide whether the following statements are True(T), False (F) and Not Given (NG):

1. ___ Breivik was convicted of killing 77 people.

2. ___ Breivilk shares a cell with other inmates.

3. ___ Breivik writes letters to his mum.

4. ____ Breivik is allowed to smoke.

5. ____ The leniency outraged all Norwegians.

6. ____ Prisoners enjoy TV in every cell.

7. ____ There are three cells in Breivik’s “suite”.

8. ____ The murderer avoids public attention.


5. Answer the following questions:

1) What crime is Breivik charged with?

2) Why is he kept alone?

3) What is Norwegian penal system aimed at?

4) Does he exercise his privilege to write letters?

5) What seems guaranteed, in the author’s opinion?

6) What campaign did prisoners do in 2008?


Leniency – снисходительность

Сеll – камера

Suite – апартаменты


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