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LEAD-IN

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  1. LEAD-IN

We tried to give more additional materials, than necessary, in order to help the teachers to make the lesson more attractive and interesting.

These are the photos of:

Alexander Graham Bell – the inventor of the telephone. He was born in Edinburgh (1847 – 1922), then moved to the USA. It was on the 10th of March, 1876, when A. Bell invented the telephone. He worked with his friend Watson. In 1915, the first transcontinental line was opened.

T. Polyakova, E. Sinyavskaya, Moscow, 2007

Sofia Krukovsky Kovalevskaya was born in Moscow (1850 – 1891). An extraordinary woman, Sofia Kovalevskaya was not only a great Russian mathematician, but also a writer and advocate of women's rights in the 19th century. It was her struggle to obtain the best education available which began to open doors at universities to women. In addition, her ground-breaking work in mathematics made her male counterparts reconsider their archaic notions of women's inferiority to men in such scientific arenas.

Becky Wilson, Class of 1997 (Agnes Scott College);

Popular Dictionary Europedia, Moscow, Olma-Press, 2003).

Albert Einstein (1879 -1955) one of the most famous scientists in the world, whose Theory of Relativitybrought him fame of five continents, was slow, shy and backward in his childhood. He found it extremely difficult to learn even to talk. He was born in Germany, lived in Switzerland, then moved to the USA. Mrs. Einstein said that her husband liked order in his thinking, but he didn’t like it in his living. He did whatever he wanted to, whenever he wanted to, he had only two rules of conduct. The first was: don’t have any rules whatever. And the second was: be independent of the opinions of others. In 1921 he became a Nobel Prize Winner for the discovery of the Photoeffects Laws.

T. Polyakova, E. Sinyavskaya, Moscow, 2007;

Popular Dictionary Europedia, Moscow, Olma-Press, 2003).

Thomas Alva Edison (1847 – 1931) is known as one of the greatest American inventors. He invented so much that it is difficult to say which of his achievements is the greatest. He was an experimenter and a practical man more than a theoretician. He improved Bell’s telephone, organized the first world electrostation in New-York in 1882, etc.).

(Popular Dictionary Europedia, Moscow, Olma-Press, 2003).

Marie Sklodovska Curie,the greatest woman – scientist of her day, was born in Warsaw, in 1867. The daughter of a teacher of science and mathematics in a school in the town she wished to study at the Sorbonne in Paris. She finally left her native land in 1891 and began a course of hard study and simple life in Paris. After she obtained her Master’s Degree in Physics and Mathematics, she wished to obtain a Doctor’s degree. Pierre Curie, her husband, joined her in the effort to find the unknown chemical element, which they called “radium”, because it was more strongly radioactive than any known metal. In 1903 they together with Henry Becquerel were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics. In 1911 Marie received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. So Mme. Sklodovska-Curie has become the first person to receive a Nobel Prize twice.

T. Polyakova, E. Sinyavskaya, Moscow, 2007;

Popular Dictionary Europedia, Moscow, Olma-Press, 2003)

Rudolf Diesel was a German engineer. He was born in 1858 and died in 1913. In 1897 he invented a new internal combustion engine. The engine is known as a diesel and it began a transport revolution in cars, trucks, trains and ships. The main advantage of diesels is that they run on rather cheap fuel.

T. Polyakova, E. Sinyavskaya, Moscow, 2007

Then ask students to read the names of these people and match their names on the left with profession on the right.

Alexander Bell an inventor

Sofia Kovalevskaya a mathematician

Thomas Edison an inventor

Albert Einstein a scientist, a physicist

Marie Curie a physicist

Pyotr Kapitsa a physicist, a scientist

Rudolf Diesel an engineer

 


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Читайте в этой же книге: Course Description | DETAILED COURSE DESCRIPTION | Section aim | Reading comprehension | Listening | Tag questions | Special questions | Lesson I | Lesson 3 | Lesson 4 |
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