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Vocabulary. 1. Find the English equivalents for the following Russian words and word combinations as used in the text:

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  1. Active vocabulary
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  4. General English Vocabulary
  5. I. Active Vocabulary.
  6. III. Translate from Russian into English, using the vocabulary from the text.
  7. IV. VOCABULARY SKILLS

1. Find the English equivalents for the following Russian words and word combinations as used in the text:


претерпевать радикальные изменения;

поощрять;

одержимый;

происходить очень быстро;

подкрепляться крупными капита­ловложениями;

оценивать урок;

недостатки;

обещать;

вкладывать деньги в;

предполагать;

удовлетворение;

понятия;

благополучие;

недостатки;

неравенство между городскими и сельскими рай­онами;

содействовать развитию научно-технических знаний;

спо­собствовать;

за счет;

просчеты в системе;

сообразительный.


2. Choose the best definition to the following words from the text:

1. To assume

a) to think or accept that sth is true but without having proof of it;

b) to take or begin to have power or responsibility;

c) to pretend to have a particular feeling or quality.

 

2. Head teacher

a) a private teacher, esp. one who teaches an individual student or a very small group;

b) esp. BrE, AmE (usually principal) a teacher who is in charge of a school;

c) esp. BrE a university teacher of the highest rank.

 

3. Alarming

a) causing worry and fear;

b) making you feel afraid;

c) making you feel extremely upset, esp. because of sb’s suffering.

 

4. Tiring

a) making you feel very tired;

b) making you feel the need to sleep or rest;

c) needing sleep; ready to go to sleep.

 

5. To seal

a) to make sth definite, so that it cannot be changed or argued about;

b) (formal) to obtain or achieve sth, especially when this means using a lot of effort;

c) to close an envelope, etc. by sticking the edges of the opening to­gether.

 

6. Conduct

a) the habits and customs of a particular group of people;

b) the way in which a business or an activity is organized and managed;

c) a person’s behaviour in a particular place or in a particular situation.

 

7. To favour

a) to treat sb better than you treat other people, esp. in an unfair way;

b) to provide suitable conditions for a particular person, group;

c) to prefer one system, plan, way of doing sth. to another.

 

8. Flaw

a) a crack or fault in sth that makes it less attractive or valuable;

b) a mistake in sth that means that it is not correct or does not work cor­rectly;

c) a weakness in sb’s character.

 

3. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line

a) He made a research on a preliminary ............... of the health care system.

EVALUATE

b) There was a............ inspection of the nuclear plant. COMPREHENSION

c) She had no................ for jokes of any kind. TOLERANT

d) We were brought up to be................. of authority. RESPECT

e) He has made a significant ................................. to scientific knowledge.

CONTRIBUTE

f) Can you spot the................ in her argument? WEAK

 


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