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Lesson 1

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The lesson plan

1. Introduction to the theme (2 min)

2. Prereading discussion (5 min)

3. Active vocabulary (10-15 min)

4. Reading text (10-15 min)

5. Reading comprehension (15 min)

6. Speaking practice (15-20 min)

7. Writing practice

– I (8-10 min)

– II (15 min)

8. Homework (1 min)



As an introduction to the lesson “CAREER PROSPECTS” for students a teacher may use the following passage:


Finding a job can be a complicated and tiring process. Sometimes you just don't know where to start looking, let alone how to persuade a company that you are the best person for the job!

During our lessons you will build on your knowledge of career-related vocabulary and you will be offered some tips on things like hoe to put together a good CV or come across well in an interview.

Prereading discussion

Ask students to discuss the following questions:

1. You've decided you need a new job. Where would you start to look? Do you have enough education for this job?

2. Education and training are important steps in getting the kind of job you would like to have. You will need to figure out what kind of schooling you need and where to get it. Until then, what can you be doing now to earn money?



Ask students to give if possible definitions of the following words and word combinations and to pronounce them correctly:

resume – a short descriptive summary; USA and Canadian another name for curriculum vitae

career – a profession or occupation chosen as one's life's work

experience – accumulated knowledge, esp of practical matters

to reflect – to form an image of (something) by reflection

prospective – (prenominal) anticipated or likely

interviewer – the person who asks the questions in an interview

to grab attention – to catch the attention or interest of; impress

rejection letter – a letter in which you are told, for example, that you have not been accepted for a job

guideline – a principle put forward to set standards or determine a course of action

to assist – to give help or support to (a person, cause, etc.); aid

competence – the condition of being capable; ability

to focus – to fix attention (on); concentrate

to tailor – to adapt so as to make suitable for something specific

to emphasize – to give emphasis or prominence to; stress

to apply for – to put in an application or request

employment – the work or occupation in which a person is employed

reverse – opposite or contrary in direction, position, order, nature, etc.; turned backwards

employer – a person, business, firm, etc., that employs workers

duties – tasks that are part of your job

background – a person's social class, education, training, or experience

degree – an academic award conferred by a university or college on successful completion of a course or as an honorary distinction

classification – systematic placement in categories

potential – possible but not yet actual



Ask students to read the text “TYPES OF BUSINESS CORRESPONDENCE. PREPARING YOUR RESUME” paying attention to pronunciation and to the discussed words and word combinations. The examples of chronological and functional resumes are given bellow. After reading comprehension show these examples to your students. Ask students to look through these examples attentively and to write their own resumes: functional and chronological. Give the 10 minutes preparation.


I. General understanding. Ask students to answer the following questions to the text:

– How can you describe the word “resume”?

– What is a resume written for?

– What are types of resumes? Describe them.

II. Ask students to fill in the blanks with suitable words.

– Preparing an effective resume is an important part of your career ……………. (development).

– Your resume can make the difference between getting an interview or a …………………….. (rejection) letter.

– To emphasize the skills and experience you have these resumes can also be ……………………. (tailored).

– ………………………… (chronological resumes) usually present work experience and education beginning.

III. Given below are certain statements. Ask students to write ‘T’ against true statements and ‘F’ against false statements.

– Resumes must not grab the attention of the reader. (F)

– Functional resumes group all your training, experience, skills, and abilities into separate areas of competence. (T)

– Don’t list special skills if you have taken software or other technical or job-related classes. (F)

– There are strict set rules regarding format or style of resumes. (F)

– In your resume list the name and address of each employer, the title of your job, and the duties you performed. (T)


Speaking practice

Ask students to discuss the topic “TYPES OF BUSINESS CORRESPONDENCE IN APPLYING FOR A JOB” with their partners using newly learnt words and to introduce their final work to the class. Ask them to discuss all types of resumes (to give their description) mentioned in their text and their role in the career development.


Writing practice

I. Ask students to compose sentences as many as they can, using the following words and discuss them with their partner:

Career, experience, duties, employment, degree, competence.

Sample sentences:

– She has been concentrating on her career.

– He gained valuable experience whilst working on the project.

– Your duties will include setting up a new computer system.

– Graduates are finding it more and more difficult to find employment.

– My brother has a master’s degree from Harvard.

– She gained a high level of competence in English.


II. Ask students to read the text as many times as they can in 5 minutes. Then ask them to entitle it, make exercises to the text and tell their partner as much info as they can remember without looking into the text.

Sample title:


Exercise 1. Fill in the blanks with suitable words.

– Business letters serve as a/an ............................. (evidence) in case of dispute in business transactions.

– A trader cannot …………….. (memorise) all facts and figures in a conversation.

– Business letters are written to .................... (exchange) information.

– Business letter is the most .................... (important) mode of communication.


Exercise 2. Given below are certain statements. Write ‘T’ against true statements and ‘F’ against false statements.

– Letter is a form of written communication. (T)

– Through business letter personal contact can be maintained between buyer and seller. (T)

– Businessmen may write letters to supplier of goods but cannot receive letters from the suppliers. (F)

– Letter is a convenient and economic mode of communication. (T)

– Business letters do not help in removing misunderstanding between buyer and seller. (F)


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