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Present Continuous (Настоящее продолженное время).

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  4. B. Выберите правильную форму глагола в Present Simple.
  5. Choose one of these verbs from the box to complete each sentence. Use the present simple or the present continuous.
  6. Complete the sentences using Past Continuous of the verbs in the box.
  7. Exercise 2. Why Do You Look So? Explain the reason people look so using the Present Perfect Continuous Tense. Use the given situations.

am /is /are + Ving= Present Continuous

PresentContinuousTenseупотребляется:

1. Для выражения длящегося незавершенного действия, происходящего в момент речи. Момент речи может быть выражен следующими наречиями или словосочетаниями: now, at present, at the moment и т.д., а может быть ясен из контекста:

He is reading a book now. – Он читает книгу сейчас.

Don’t make any noise, he is sleeping.Не шумите, он спит.

 

2. Для выражения длительного действия, совершающегося в настоящий период, не обязательно в момент речи.

Please don't take that book. Anna's readingit. - Пожалуйста, не бери эту книгу. Аня ее читает.

Andrew's spendinga lot of time in the library these days, as he's writinga book. - Эндрю в эти дни проводит много времени в библиотеке, т.к. пишет книгу.

 

3. Для выражения будущего длительного действия (вместо Future Continuous) в обстоятельственных придаточных предложениях условия и времени, которые вводятся союзами if, when, while и др.:

I will be reading the newspaper while you are writing your exercises. - Я буду читать газету, в то время как ты будешь писать упражнения.

 

4. Для выражения будущего события, которое к моменту речи уже запланировано и произойдет в ближайшем будущем. В этом значении Present Continuous используется с глаголами движения или действия: to see, to meet, to go, to come, to leave, to start и т.д.

They are getting marriedin June. - Они поженятся в июне.

We are leaving at 11.00 in the morning. - Мы уезжаем в 11 утра.

 

Для выражения намерения совершить действие или уверенности в его совершении в будущем наряду с Present Continuous часто употребляется Present Continuous от глагола to go -to be going - в сочетании с инфинитивом. To be going to в этом случаи значении "собираюсь, намереваюсь, намерен":

He is going to spend his summer vacation in the Crimea. - Он собирается провести летние каникулы в Крыму.

 

5.Следующие глаголы не употребляются в Present Continuous:

1) Глаголы мыслительной деятельности: to know, to mind, to understand, to believe, to forget, to remember, to mean, to doubt, to recognize.

She knows a lot about astrology. - Она много знает об астрологии.

I believe his story. - Я верю его истории (рассказу).

2) Глаголы, выражающие эмоциональные состояния: to like, to dislike, to look, to prefer, to want, to care, to hate, to love, to need, to appreciate, to seem.

I like playing football. - Я люблю играть в футбол.

They love listening to music. - Они любят слушать музыку.

3) Глаголы пяти чувств: зрения, обоняния, вкуса, слуха, ощущения (to see, to smell, to taste, to hear, to touch). Обычно они используются с модальным глаголом саn.

I can smell something burning. - Я чувствую что-то горит.

Can you see Peter? - Ты видишь Петра?

 

4) Глаголы обладания: to possess, to own, to belong, to have.

I have two sisters. - У меня две сестры.

Не owns a car. - У него есть машина.

 

5) Некоторые другие глаголы: to cost, to need, to contain, to depend, to consist, to seem:

A newspaper costs about 20p. - Газета стоит около 20 пенсов.

I need a bath. - Мне нужно принять ванну.

 

Спряжение глагола to write (писать) в Present Continuous Tense:

 

Утвердительная форма Отрицательная форма Вопросительная форма
I am writing He (she, it) is writing We (you, they) are writing I am not writing He (she, it) is not writing We (you, they) are not writing Am I writing? Is he (she, it) writing? Are we (you, they) writing?

 



1.Look at the picture and write what each person is doing.

 

Mother is cooking (to cook). John (to read). Jane (to eat) an apple. Father (to sleep). Grandfather (to watch) TV. The dog (to lie)on the carpet. The girls (to play) with their dolls

 

 

Now look at the above picture and ask and answer.

1. (Mother / wear / red skirt?) - Is mother wearing a red skirt? – No, she isn’t. She is wearing a blue skirt.

2. (John / write / a letter?)

3. ( Jane / eat / a banana?)

4. (Grandfather / listen / radio?)

5. (dog / sleep / on the chair?)

6. (Father / watch TV?)

 

2.Put the verb into the correct form of Present Continuous.

Example: Please don’t make so much noise. I am studying (study).

1. Please be quiet. I ……… (try) to concentrate.

2. Look! It …….. (snow).

3. Why …….. (you/look) at me like that? Have I said something wrong?

4. You …….. (make) a lot of noise. Can you be a bit quieter?

5. Excuse me, I ……… (look) for a phone box. Is there one near here?

6. (in the cinema) It’s a good film, isn’t it? ………. (you/enjoy) it?

7. Listen! Can you hear those people next door? They ……… (shout) at each other again.

8. Why ………. (you/wear) your coat today? It’s very warm.

9. I ………. (not/work) this week. I’m on holiday.

10. I want to lose weight. I ……… (not/eat) anything today.

 

3.Write what they usually do and what they’re doing today.

 

4.Correct mistakes in these sentences.

Example: She runs in the park at the moment.

She’s running in the park at the moment.

1. They not working in the town centre.

2. Jean is making a cake.

3. Does Tom studying French?

4. Hurry up! The lesson is beginning.

5. Are playing the children in the garden?

6. Listen! Somebody sings.

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7. Where she’s staying in London?

8. Look! The dog is eat the cat’s food.

 

5.Put the verbs into the correct form, Present Continuous or Present Simple:

Today is ( be) Sunday. My sister (to paint) a picture at the moment. My brothers (to ride) their bicycles in the garden now. They (to wear) their new jackets. I often ( to read) a magazine on Sundays, but today I (to write) a letter to my cousin, Anna. She often (to send) me letters. Anna (to want) to be a doctor. Sometimes my mother (to ask) me what I (to want) to be, but I (not to know).

 

6.Put the verbs into the correct form, Present Continuous or Present Simple:

Example: Please don’t make so much noise. I am studying (study).

How many languages does Tom speak (Tom/speak)?

1. I ……… (not/belong) to a political party.

2. Hurry! The bus …….. (come). I ……… (not/want) to miss it.

3. The River Nile ……… (flow) into the Mediterranean.

4. The river …….. (flow) very fast today – much faster than usual.

5. ……… (it/ever/snow) in India?

6. We usually …….. (grow) vegetables in our garden but this year we ……… (not/grow) any.

7. You can borrow my umbrella. I ……… (not/need) it at the moment.

8. (at a party) I usually ………. (enjoy) parties but I ……… (not/enjoy) this one.

9. George says he’s 80 years old but I ……… (not/believe) him.

10. Ron is in London at the moment. He ……… (stay) at the Hilton Hotel. He usually ……… (stay) at the Hilton Hotel when he is in London.

 

Передача будущего действия (Present Continuous или Present Simple): 1. be going to используется для передачи намерений: He is going to spend his summer vacation in the Crimea. - Он собирается провести летние каникулы в Крыму. 2. Present Continuous передает будущие действия решенные и организованные: They're getting married in June. - Они поженятся в июне. 3. Present Simple используется для передачи будущего действия, которое произойдет согласно расписанию, по программе: My train leaves at 10 o'clock tomorrow. – Мой поезд уезжает в 10 часов завтра.

 

7.Ann is going on holiday. You have to write sentences about her holiday plans. Use the word in brackets to write your sentences:

Example: (go/Scotland) She is going to Scotland.

1. (leave / next Friday) She ………

2. (stay / in Scotland for two weeks) ………

3. (go / with a friend of hers) ………

4. (stay / in a hotel) They …….

5. (go / by train) ……..

 

8.Say when you are going to do something:

Example: Have you cleaned the car? (tomorrow) - Not yet. I’m going to clean it tomorrow.

Have you made the coffee?( just) - Not yet. I’m just going to make it.

1. Have you phoned Tom? (after lunch) – Not yet. I ……..

2. Have you had dinner? (just) - Not yet……….

3. Have you painted your flat?(soon) – Not ……..

4. Have you repaired my bicycle? (just) - ……..

 

9.Put the verbs into the most suitable form: Present Continuous or Present Simple:

1. We ……… (have) a party next Sunday. Would you like to come?

2. I ……… (not/go) away for my holidays next month because I haven’t got enough money.

3. The concert this evening …….. (start) at 7.30.

4. George, is it true that you …….. (get) married next week?

5. The art exhibition …….. (open) on 3 May and …….. (finish) on 15 July.

6. What time ……… (the next/leave)?

7. Ann, we ……… (go) to town. ……… (you/come) with us?


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Читайте в этой же книге: The Verb to be. Глагол "to be". | Unit 4. | Имена существительные, употребляющиеся только во множественном числе. | Present Simple (Настоящее простое время). | Unit 2. | All the sentences in this exercise are about the future. Put the verbs into the correct form: Future Simple or Present Simple. | Past Continuous (Прошедшее продолженное время). | Unit 4. | Unit 5. | IV Unit 1, 2 |
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