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A) scan the texts and find the words concerning oil and gas sphere

Читайте также:
  1. A few common expressions are enough for most telephone conversations. Practice these telephone expressions by completing the following dialogues using the words listed below.
  2. A phrase or sentence built by (tiresome) repetition of the same words or sounds.
  3. A) Consider the synonyms; match words with their definitions.
  4. A) Order the words to make sentences.
  5. A- Correct the underlined words
  6. A. Rewrite the sentences without using the underlined words. Keep the meaning the same.

Natural Gas Pipelines p.246-248

 

Be sure you know the following words and their translation

 

English   Ukrainian   Russian
distribution line - (магістральна) розподільна лінія - (магистральная) распределительная линия
Federal Power Commission - Федеральна комісія з питань енергетики (незалежне регулятивне відомство) - Федеральная комиссия по энергетике
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission - Федеральна комісія з управління енергетикою (незалежна регулятивна комісія) - Федеральная комиссия по управлению энергетикой
gathering line - промисловий магістральний трубопровід - промысловый магистральный трубопровод
ICC regulations - постанови Міжнародної торгової палати - положения, нормы Международной торговой палаты
main line - магістральний трубопровід - магистральный трубопровод
transmission system - система транспортування газу - система транспортировки газа
transmission trunkline - транспортувальна магістральна лінія - транспортировочная магистральная линия
conditioning equipment - обладнання для обробки газу з метою його очищення - оборудование для обработки газа с целью его очистки
centrifugal unit - відцентровий апарат - центробежный апарат
dehydrator - засіб для обезводнення - обезвоживающее средство
heater - нагрівальна установка для боротьби з гідро утворенням в свердловинах - нагревательная установка для борьбы с гидрато-образованием в скважинах
reciprocating compressor - поршневий компресор - поршневой компрессор
separator - сортувальний апарат - сортировочный аппарат
wellhead - гирло свердловини - устье скважины
malfunction - збій, відмова, неправильне спрацювання, порушення нормальної роботи - сбой; отказ; неправильное срабатывание; нарушение нормальной работы
odorant - додаток, який надає газу запах - добавка, придающая запах газу
prime mover - первинний двигун - первичный двигатель
processing facility - технологічне обладнання - технологическое оборудование
to keep tab on - слідкувати за - следить за

 

Match the words in column A with their definitions in column B

 

A B
conditioning equipment a) а machine for separating liquids from solids http://www.glossary.oilfield.slb.com/
transmission trunkline b) unit that makes things move towards the centre of something when they are moving around it http://www.wikipedia.org/
distribution line c) specialized equipment that is used for gas processing http://www.m-w.com/cgi-bin/mwwod.pl
main line d) сontracting equipment that works with the help of pistons http://www.m-w.com/cgi-bin/mwwod.pl
transmission system e) net of pipelines to transport gas to all the necessary destinations http://www.m-w.com/cgi-bin/mwwod.pl
centrifugal unit f) pipeline that is used to transport gas http://www.wikipedia.org/
dehydrator g) an important pipeline that connects two cities Collins English Dictionary
separator h) main pipeline which distributes the product to other ones Collins English Dictionary
prime mover i) primary source of energy http://www.glossary.oilfield.slb.com/
reciprocating compressor j) dewatering machine Collins English Dictionary

 



3 Pre-reading tasks

 

a) scan the texts and find the words concerning oil and gas sphere

b) skim the texts and answer the following questions:

- What is the difference between the gas pipelines and oil pipelines?

- What agency governs the gas pipelines?

- What agency governs the oil pipelines?

- How has the natural gas industry changed since 1950?

- What is the amount of gas pipelines in use in the USA today?

- Any gas gathering system has specialized equipment. What is it used for?

- What equipment belongs to the conditioning equipment?

- What compressors use compressor stations?

- Can gas be used to fuel large compressor stations?

- How do automated pipelines work?

- What does computer do in case of malfunction?

- What odor has the natural gas as it comes out of the well or processing facility?

- What is mercaptan used for?

- What concentrations of gas are hazardous?

- In what type of gas are odorants usually used?

 

Gas pipelines and oil pipelines historically have been separate industries, and they are different in several ways. A gas pipeline uses pres­sure from compressors as its driving force, while an oil pipeline uses pump pressure. Different agencies govern their operations. Before the establishment of the U.S. Department of Energy, gas pipelines were regarded as a utility and operated under the regulation of the Federal Power Commission (FPC), unlike oil pipelines that operated under ICC regulations. At present, the sale and transportation of gas are controlled by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commis­sion (FERC), a branch of the U.S. Department of Energy, while oil and products pipelines are controlled by the Department of Transportation.

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