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Итоговый контроль знаний. 1. Public transport in London is

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1. Public transport in London is ……. in Europe.

a) expensive b) more expensive c) expensiver d) the most expensive

2. Go to the library if you need …… information.

a) full b) fuller c) more full d) fullest

3. Do you think Americans are ……. than English people?

a) nice b) nicer c) more nice d) the nicest

4. The 22nd of December is ….. day in the year.

a) short b) shorter c) more short d) the shortest

5. The problem was …… than we expected.

a) serious b) seriouser c) more serious d) the seriousest

6. Let’s go by train. It’s much.

a) cheap b) cheaper c) more cheap d) cheapest

7. The wall of the arteries and veins are …… then those of capillaries.

a) thick b) thickest c) thicker d) as thick as

8. The capillary tubes which contain blood are the……. arteries.

a) small b) smaller c) smallest d) the smallest

9. Small veins join and form ……. ones.

a) large b) larger c) largest d) the largest

10. Pressure in the venous system is …… one.

a) low b) lower c) lowest d) the lowest


2. Read the situations and write sentences with just, already or yet.

1 After lunch you go to see a friend at her house. She says 'Would you like something to eat?'

You say: No, thank you. I have …. had lunch.

2. Joe goes out. Five minutes later, the phone rings, and the caller says 'Can I speak to Joe?'

You say: I'm afraid he has ……...gone out.

3. You are eating in a restaurant. The waiter thinks you have finished and starts to take your plate away. You say: Wait a minute! I haven’t finished …………

4. You are going to a restaurant this evening. You phone to reserve a table. Later your friend says 'Shall I phone to reserve a table?'

You say: No, I have…………done it.

5. You know that a friend of yours is looking for a job.

You ask her: Have you …………found a job?


Домашнее задание для уяснения темы занятия.

Подготовка устного сообщения по вышеизложенному плану.

Рекомендации по выполнению НИРС, в том числе список тем, предлагаемый кафедрой.

1. “Diseases of the Cardiovascular system”

2. “Heart transplantation”


Рекомендованная литература по теме занятия.

основная: И.Ю. Марковина Английский язык: Учебник для медицинских вузов и медицинских специалистов

дополнительная: англо-русские, русско-английские словари, грамматические справочники.


Приложение 1

The Human Heart

The heart is a muscular organ about the size of a clenched fist. The struc­ture and action of the heart are de­signed to serve the two loops of the cir­culation. Inside, the heart is divided vertically by a muscular wall. On each side of this wall Is an upper chamber (atrium) and a thicker, lower chamber (ventricle). Blood moves through each side of the heart systematically. Deoxy­genated blood is delivered into the right atrium. It then enters the right ventricle, from where it is pumped out into the pulmonary artery and to the lungs. Oxygenated blood returning in the pulmonary veins flows into the left atrium. This blood enters the left ven­tricle and is then pumped into the aorta for circulation.

The flow of blood in each side of the heart is controlled by a series of valves. The pumping action of the heart is achieved by the contraction of the car­diac muscle, of which the heart is largely composed. The rhythm of the heartbeat is regulated by bursts of elec­trical impulses sent out by a concentra­tion of specialized heart tissue called the pacemaker.

Under the influence of the pace­maker, the heart of an adult at rest beets at a rate of 60 to 80 beats a min­ute. The pacemaker also helps to ensure the correct sequence of activities during each heartbeat; first the two atria contract, followed rapidly by the ventricles. The powerful contraction of the ventricles pushes blood into the aorta and pulmonary artery. This pe­riod of contraction (systole) is followed by a period of relaxation (diastole), during which the heart refills. The complete sequence is accompanied by electrical activity of the muscle, which can be monitored as an electrocardi­ogram (EKC).

Приложение 2

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Читайте в этой же книге: КRASNOYARSK STATE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY | Занятие № 4 | Итоговый контроль знаний. | Итоговый контроль знаний. | Занятие № 6 | Итоговый контроль знаний. | Skeletal Muscle Structure | Занятие № 7 | Итоговый контроль знаний. | Занятие № 8 |
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