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Botanical, maintenance men, digging, flowerbeds, ultimately, instrumental, rarest, expertise, plant hunters, artificially, rainforest, specimens, gatekeeper, labourers, prestige

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  5. Dust storms / forest fires / power plants / car exhaust fumes / burning wood / volcanic eruption / oil refining / aerosol sprays / nuclear weapon
  6. Eggplant баклажан

 

Exercise 2

Fill in the correct word from the list below:

Prune, species, interrelate, dying out, combat, smuggle, blooms, top-dressing, cultivates, conserve

 

When planting new flowers, …………………… is very important for keeping the soil moist and protecting the roots. (a protective layer of earth)

Watering plants regularly will help …………… dryness. (resist)

Ferns are one of the oldest ……………… of plant. (types)

Many valuable plants will be in danger of ……………… if they are not protected. (becoming extinct)

It is illegal to ………………… plants into a country. (secretly bring)

This bush has …………….. that resemble yellow bells. (flowers)

We visited a nursery that ………………… plants which can survive with little water. (grows)

He decided to ………………. the shrubs around the house because they were blocking the view. (trim)

Children should be taught that animals and plants………………… .(act together)

10. We must make an effort to ………………… certain plants which are in danger of disappearing.

 

Exercise 3

Find the odd word out.

1 twig, branch, seed, trunk

2 oak, pine, plane, tulip

3 rose, orchid, lily, redwood

4 soil, earth, spade, compost

5 branch, bud, petal, seedpod

 

Exercise 4

Fill in the correct word(s) from the list below. Use the word(s) only once.

Threat, weather, long, plant research, endangered, high-powered, pleasure, care, to be kept, life-saving, delicate, financial

1…………………. centre 7 ….……………….plants
2 tender loving ………… 8 ……………on their toes
3 ………………….history 9 species under ………….
4 …………………...strain 10 ………………..experts
5 ………………..lushness 11 ………………products
6 ...……………….-beaten 12…………………..park

 

Exercise 5

Fill in the correct word from the lists below:

a. skin, peel, rind, shell, peelings

1 peanut ………….,2banana …………….., 3 bacon ……………,4potato ………….., 5 lemon …………..

 

b. to hoe, to prune, to mow, to plough, to dig, to rake

1 ………… a field, 2 ………... leaves, 3 …………. weeds, 4 ……………. a hole, 5 ……….. a rosebush, 6 ………….. the lawn

 

c. clippers, hose, spade, saw, trowel

1 to dig with a …………., 2 to prune with …….., 3 to cut off a branch with a ………..,4to plant with a …......,5to water with a ………….

Exercise 6

Fill in the correct word derived from the words in brackets.

 

Plants and flowers are not only 1) ………………… (beauty) they are also 2) ………… (use) both to humans and animals. Many 3) …………. (value) substances can be 4) ……………. (find) in even the most common plants. A chemical which fights 5) …………….. (cancer) growths is derived from the yew plant, and 6) ………………. (research) are doing 7) ……………. (experiment) tests on a 8) …………………. (vary) of plants which may combat the AIDS virus. Of course, plants do not only have 9) ………….. (medicine) uses. Apart from providing food, the 10) ………………… (produce) of oxygen is another important role that plants play. For this reason, it is vital that we protect 11) ………………. (danger) species of plants and ensure the 12) ……………. (survive) of our forests and woodlands.

 

Exercise 7

Fill in the correct plant-related idiom from the list below:

Thorn in my side, beat around the bush, through the grapevine, lead you up the garden path, coming up roses, pushing up the daisies, gilding the lily, as fresh as a daisy, like a weed, a bed of roses

 

Even though she had been working most of the night, she looked ………………… . (not at all tired)

You can’t expect life to be ……………………… ; things are bound to go wrong at times. (easy and pleasant)

That man has become a real ……………………… - I wish he’d stop bothering me! (source of annoyance)

The last time I saw old Mr Smith was fifteen years ago; he must be …………………. by now. (dead)

John didn’t tell me he was getting married – I heard it ………………… . (from gossip)

He’s not to be trusted, so don’t let him ………………… . (deceive you)

With his business having become such a success, everything seems to be ………… . (going very well)

David is growing ………………… . He’ll be two metres tall before long. (extremely quickly)

There’s no need for you to wear make-up. You’re so pretty already that you would just be ………………. . (attempting to improve sth already attractive)

Please don’t …………………………………….. – just tell me what you want. (avoid the main issue)



PART II

DIRECTIONS

 

& Reading

Read the dialogues and pay attention to the way directions are given.

 

1.Toshio: Excuse me, Officer. Is there a bank near here?

Officer: Yes, there’s a bank on Park Road. Go one block north to Main Street. Turn left at the corner of Main Street and Park. Walk a block and a half, and there’s a bank on your left. Did you get that?

Toshio: I think so. Just one more question. Are there any bookstores in Winfield?

Officer: Yes, there are two. The general bookstore is just up this street on the leftbetween the drugstore and the train station. Now, the college bookstore is pretty far. It is at the Corner of Church Street and Ocean Avenue.

Toshio: Oh, yes! I know that bookstore. Thanks for all your help, Officer.

Officer: You are welcome. Don’t get lost!

 

Cultural note: In the United States, it is considered polite to address a police officer with the title “Officer”. The title officer is used for both male and female police officers.

 

2.Alec: Could you tell me where Market Street is?

Martha: It’s one block across from the telephone company and the telephone company is one block west of Riverside Road.

Alec: But I don’t know where the river is.

Martha: The river is east of the city.

Alec: Is it far from the railway station?

Martha: The railway station is north of the city. There you can take bus 21. Get off at Museum Street. Walk north on it. You’ll see City Hall. It is between Warner’s Department Store and the supermarket. Take the first street on your right. It’s High Street. You’ll see the coffee shop on your right and office buildings on your left. The railway station is at the end of High Street.

Alec: Thank you, you’ve helped me a lot.

Загрузка...

 

3.Director: Science museum. May I help you?

Student: Yes. Can you tell me where you’re located?

Director: At the corner of third and Turner.

Student: Could you tell me how to get there by bus?

Director: Sure. Take the Turner Street bus. Get off at Fourth Street.

Student: Could you spell the name of the first street?

Director: Of course. It’s T-U-R-N-E-R.

Student: Fine, could you also tell me what time the museum opens?

Director: 10:30 Monday through Friday.

Student: 10:30 ... good ... thanks for your help.

Director: You’re welcome.

Exercise 1

Make dialogues where

Student A is an alien in the city the map of which you can see on the next page and is to ask questions about the buildings and places you can see below;

StudentB is a citizen of this city and is to give directions to Student A using the expressions from the dialogues above, to help him find these places.

Example: the Roma restaurant / Prince Street

A: Could you, please, tell me where the Rome restaurant is?

B: The Roma restaurant is at the end of Prince Street

a. the police station / College Avenue

b. the Young’s House / Kennedy Avenue and Station Road

c. the fire department / School Road / the elementary school and the hospital

d. Warner’s Department Store / Main Street and Station Road

e. Chinese restaurant / Park Road / Winfield Avenue and Main Street

 

Exercise 2

There may be more than one piece of information about some of the streets. Give full information about each street with the location of places and buildings. Use the map on the next page and the directions from the dialogues above.

Example: Winfield Avenue / appartment building / a park

There is an appartment building in the beginning of Winfield Avenue.

The park is in the centre of the avenue.

a. Prince Street / a pool, a restaurant, a park, a church

b. Main Street / art museum, a bookstore, a supermarket

c. Church Street / a church, a French restaurant, a bus station, a parking lot, a post office

d. Cliff Road / a marina

e. College Avenue / a telephone company, a police station, a theatre

f. Ocean Avenue / a bookstore, a library

g. School Road / a department store, a high school, a fire department, a hospital

h. Park Road / a zoo, a drugstore

 

Exercise 3

Make dialogues when one of you will be looking for the places and buildings from the list, don’t forget to explain what you need these places for.

 

a pool, a bridge, a mall, a fire department, a community college, a subway station, an amusement park, a skating rink, a TV studio

 

Listening

Complete the sentences with the appropriate prepositions. Listen and correct yourself.

Excuse me, can you tell me the way (1) …… Trafalgar Square? Certainly. Go down Regent Street (2) …… Piccadilly Circus and then go down the Haymarket. Turn to the left at the bottom and in less than a minute you’ll be (3) …… Trafalgar Square.

Thank you very much. How far is it (4) ……here?

If you walk, it’ll take you ten minutes or a quarter (5) …… an hour.

There’s sure to be. But you’d better ask the policeman (6) …… there. He’ll give you all the information you want.

Thank you.

Excuse me, officer, is there a bus (7) …… here to Trafalgar Square?

Yes, sir, any bus’ll take you. There’s a bus-stop just (8) …… there. Ask the conductor to put you down (9) …… Trafalgar Square.

Thank you.

Does this go to Trafalgar Square?

Yes, sir. Come along, hurry up. No room (10) …… top, inside only. No standing (11) …… the platform… pass down the bus, please. Sorry, full up. Sorry, sir, you can’t smoke (12) ……, you’ll have to wait until there’s room upstairs. Fares, please.

Trafalgar Square, please, and will you get (13) ……, sir.

Thank you.

 

 

Exercise 4


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