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I. Remember all posts and departments in a company.

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1. Accounts Dept. n. department responsible for administering a company’s financial affairs
2. A.G.M.UK abbr. Annual General Meeting of a company’s shareholders
3. Board of directors n. group of people chosen to establish policy for and control a company
4. ChairmanUK n. person who heads a Board of Directors; head of a company; chairperson
5. Director n. a member of the board of directors  
6. Executive officerUS n. person managing the affairs of a corporation - chief executive officer (CEO)n.
7. Headquarters n. a company’s principal or main office or centre of control
8. Manager n. person responsible for day-to-day running of a dept.; executive officerUS
9. Managing directorUK n. senior director after the chairman responsible for day-to-day direction
10. Marketing Dept. n. department that puts goods on market, inc. packaging, advertising etc
11. organisation chart n. a table or plan showing a company’s structure graphically
12. Personnel Dept. n. department responsible for recruitment and welfare of staff or employees
13. PresidentUS n. the highest executive officer of a company; head of a company
14. Production Dept. n. department responsible for physical creation of product
15. Purchasing Dept. n. department responsible for finding and buying everything for a company
16. R & D Department n. department responsible for Research and Development of (new) products
17. reception n. the place where visitors and clients report on arrival at a company
18. Sales Department n. department responsible for finding customers and making sales
19. Shareholder n. person who holds or owns shares in or a part of a company or corporation
20. Vice PresidentUS n. any of several executive officers, each responsible for a separate division

II. Explain the words in bold:

The management structure of companies or corporations is rather complex. The simplest is that envisaged by English, Belgian, Italian, and Scandinavian law, by which the shareholders of the company periodically elect a Board of Directors who collectively manage the company’s affairs and reach decisions by a majority vote but also have the right to delegate any of their powers, or even the whole management of the company’s business, to one or more of their number. Under this regime it is common for a managing directorto be appointed, often with one or more assistant managing directors, and for the board of directors to authorize them to enter into all transactions needed for carrying on the company’s business, subject only to the general supervision of the board and to its approval of particularly important measures, such as issuing shares or bonds or borrowing. The U.S. system is a development of this basic pattern. By the laws of most states it is obligatory for the board of directors elected periodically by the shareholders to appoint certain executive officers, such as the president, vice president, treasurer, and secretary. The latter two have no management powers and fulfill the administrative functions that in an English company are the concern of its secretary; but the president and in his absence the vice president have by law or by delegation from the board of directors the same full powers of day-to-day management as are exercised in practice by an English managing director.

Jeremy Fitzerald, Management, Black Cat Publishing, 2001, p. 74


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