Text: Education in Britain.
Grammar: The Future Perfect Tense.
Практические цели: ознакомление с лексическим материалом по теме «Education in Britain», развитие умений и навыков разговорной речи по теме «Education», введение и тренировка грамматической темы The Future PerfectTense, развитие навыков монологической речи по теме.
The Five Ages of Education.
British education has many different faces, but one goal. Its aim is to realize the potential of all, for good of the individual and society as a whole.
1. Around hall of 3-and 4-year-olds in Britain receive nursery education, and many other children attend pre-school playgroups, mostly organized by parents. Children of nursery age need care as well as education, however, and it is not just their mental requirements, but social, emotional and physical needs that must be met. In nursery schools, qualified teachers, usually primary teachers with a nursery teaching qualification, work alongside helpers and nursery nurses to achieve this.
2. Compulsory primary education begins at the age of 5 in England, Wales and Scotland, and 4 in Northern Ireland. Children usually start their school career in an infant school and move a junior school or department at age 7. In some parts of the country, though, children begin at a first school at age 5, and move on to a middle school at age 8,9 or 10. Primary schools vary in size and location, some having as few as two teachers and others as many as 30.
Subjects covered include English mathematics and science, along with technology, history, geography, music, art, and physical education.
At 7 and 11 years old (and a secondary school, at 14 and 16) teachers measure children’s progress in each subject against attainment targets. In English, for instance, there are five basic targets: speaking and listening: reading: writing: spelling and handwriting.
3. In Britain, most children of compulsory secondary school age (11 to 16) receive free education financed from public funds. This may be a comprehensive (mixed ability) or a grammar school. A small proportion attend private or independent schools, not financed by the state. The large majority of schools teach both boys and girls together. The school year in England and Wales normally begins in September and continues into the following July, in Scotland, it runs from August to June and in Northern Ireland from September to June.
4.All Britain’s universities enjoy complete academic freedom. They appoint their own staff and decide what and how to teach. First degree courses usually last three or four years.
The Open University is a little different, because it relies on distance learning.
England and Wales’s 34 polytechnics tend to be more vocationally –orientated than universities, providing degree and subdegree vocational courses as well as traditional academic degree courses. Many polytechnics have close links with business, and many students have jobs and attend part-time. For those without standard entry qualifications, access and foundation courses can provide a way in to higher education. The number of access courses in Britain is increasing rapidly.
5.Education doesn’t stop with leaving school. Further education in particular is learning which, with its strong ties with commerce and industry, is vital in the effort to keep Britain economically competitive.
Over 500 colleges of further education run courses on everything from catering to business studies. Most further education courses are vocational, but many colleges offer more academic courses, such as GCSEs and A levels. Students may attend college part- time, day by day or block release from their jobs or in the evening. The new National Vocational Qualifications, based on standards of competence set by industry, are designed to ensure the relevance of vocational qualifications to employers. They are based on defined levels of attainment, to which qualifications can be assigned.
1. phasing -in поэтапное введение
2. curriculum учебный план
3. around приблизительно
4. nursery детский сад
5. alongside рядом с
6. primary начальное обучение
7. infant school дошкольное заведение
8. junior school младшие классы (средней школы)
9. to vary отличаться
10.as few as всего
11.to cover охватывать
12.science естественные науки
13.to measure оценивать, определять
16.handwriting почерк, каллиграфия
17.to acquire приобретать
18.to broaden расширять
20.to demand требовать
24.non graduate студент последнего курса
26.to tend иметь тенденцию
27.to appoint назначать
29.full-time student студент очного отделения отделения
30.to ensure обеспечить
Ex.1. Suggest the Russian for:
1. infant school
2. to vary
3. as few as
4. to measure
7. to cover
9. to acquire
11. to tend
12. to demand
Ex.2. Match the words and phrases in column A with those in column B.
1. graduate a) достижения
2. to vary b) всего
3. non-graduate c) оценивать
4. vocational d) расширять
5. attainment e) отличаться
6. to measure f) насущный
7. to broaden g) обеспечить
8. as few as h) профессиональный
9. vital i) студент последнего курса
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