There are different kinds of educational institutions in Great Britain: universities, colleges, university extra-mural departments, evening department at colleges, etc.
There are at present about forty universities in Great Britain; practically every big city of the country has a university. Its function is to give the highest type of education and training to its students to make them able to carry out scientific work. A University graduate is awarded the Degree of Bachelor of Arts, Science, Engineering, Medicine, etc.
University usually consists of some Colleges, which are a part of the University. They provide training and give degrees to their students. English Universities differ greatly from each other. They differ in date of foundation, history, tradition, general organization, internal government, methods of instruction, ways of student's life, etc.
Oxford and Cambridge are well-known not only because they are the oldest universities but because the standard of teaching there is very high. The cost of education at these Universities is so high that only the children of the richest classes can attend these universities.
At present Oxford and Cambridge have a tutorial system of education which brings a student into close and personal contact with his tutor. Each student has a tutor who helps the student to plan his work.
Besides universities in Great Britain there are at present about three hundred technical colleges providing part-time and full-time education. Technical colleges give special instruction in certain subjects. They give diplomas, not degrees to their students. The course for training specialists lasts three or four years, while at the universities it lasts as a rule more than four years.
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