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Mark these statements T (true) or F (false) according to the text. Find the part of the text that gives the correct information.

Читайте также:
  1. Answer the questions after reading the text.
  2. Answer the questions to the text.
  3. Answer these questions.
  4. Ask eight questions about the previous text.
  5. B) Now read through the ads below quickly and find the answers to these questions.
  6. B) Retell the text.
  7. C) Definition within text.

Find the part of the text that gives the correct information.

1. The term “Common Law” has been used since the 12th century

2. Common Law system is used in the USA, Canada, Great Britain and in continental Europe.

3. Common law is a term which describes the civil-law system.

4. In all the countries with common law system, the structure of courts exists

in order to define the law.

5. Common law system is characterized as a very dynamic one.

6. The jurors are usually selected from residents.

7. Any verdict couldn’t be reached before both sides have presented their evidence.

8. The jury’s verdict is ultimate but is subject to appellate review.

9. Appellate courts have no right to interpret laws.

10. The precedent set by appellate courts has greater force in appellate courts than in other trial courts.


4. Below are some words and phrases derived from «appeal» and «judge». Link each item to its definition.

A. 1) appeal a) to ask a more senior court or person to review

a decision of a subordinate court or person

2) appellate b) permission of the court to institute appeal

proceedings from a single judge or lower

court to full court or higher court respectively

which appeals are made on points

3) appellee c) a court to which appeals are made on points of law

resulting from the judgement of a lower court

4) court of appeal d) a party who appeals against a judicial decision

which isn’t in that party’s favour

5) leave to appeal e) refers to a higher court that can hear appeals from

a lower court

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _


B.1) judge a) the judicial decision of a case in court

or verdict

2) judicial b) a body of persons sworn to render a verdict

or true answer on a law case officially

submitted to them

3) jury c) a public officer authorized to hear and to

determine cases in a court of law

4) adjudicate d) to settle judicially

5) judgment e) pertaining to courts of law or to judges


5. PREPOSITIONS. Choose the right preposition in brackets according

to the contents of the sentences (by, from, in, on, to, of, for).

1. If no precedent could be found, the judge made a decision that is based... existing legal principles and his decision would become a precedent for other courts to follow when a similar case arose.

2. All new treaties must be adopted only... reference... the main legal document of a country, its Constitution.

3. These judges are free to depart... the precedent and set a new precedent as it is accepted and used by other judges.

4. How many chapters is the Ukrainian Constitution composed...?

5. In the USA jurors are selected at random... all of the registered voters in the district.

6. The judge must instruct the jury... the law that applies... the case.

7. Even statutes often need to be interpreted... the courts... order... fit particular cases, and these interpretations become new precedents.

8. The property and affairs of mentally-ill persons are administered... the Court of Protection.


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