Today is Jane’s first day at work. She must leave the house at 8 o’clock as she must be at the office a little earlier than 9 to get ready for her work and bring the mail. She has a lot of duties at the office. She must work hard till one o’clock. She can go out for lunch but she must be back at the office at 2 o’clock. She must type different documents, answer telephone calls, make appointments and do many other things.
This is the library of an institute of Foreign Languages in the library. We can see bookshelves full of books. You can find all sorts of books in foreign languages here. In the middle of the room there is a large table. On the table we can see a number of foreign newspapers and magazines.
Mike must get some books here to make a report. He can make his report in English because his English is not poor. He may take any English books and dictionaries here.
ЭКВИВАЛЕНТЫ МОДАЛЬНЫХ ГЛАГОЛОВ
Модальные глаголы имеют не все временные формы. Отсутствующие временные формы восполняются эквивалентами модальных глаголов.
|Модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты||Present||Past||Future|
|to be able (to)||am able (to) is able (to) are able (to)||was able (to) were able (to)||shall be able (to) will be able (to)|
|to be allowed (to)||am allowed (to) is allowed (to) are allowed (to)||was allowed (to) were allowed (to)||shall be allowed (to) will be allowed (to)|
|to have (to)||have (to) has (to)||had (to)||shall have (to) will have (to)|
|to be (to)||am (to) is (to) are (to)||was (to) were (to)||-|
|ought (to)||ought (to)||-||-|
|to be obliged (to)||am obliged (to) is obliged (to) are obliged (to)||was obliged (to) were obliged (to)||shall be obliged (to) will be obliged (to)|
Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на сказуемое с эквивалентом модального глагола.
1. He is to come to the lab at 10 o’clock. 2. The atom is to serve mankind. 3. He had to work hard before he was able to complete his research. 4. You will have to show the equation to your teacher. 5. As the student was late he was not allowed to enter the classroom. 6. He is to take his exam in June. 7. You ought to see a doctor. 8. You should know about it. 9. The students were unable (were not able) to do the work without their teacher’s help. He had to help them.
10. These laboratories have to buy modern equipment.
АФФИКСЫ АНГЛИЙСКОГО ЯЗЫКА
Префиксы с отрицательным значением
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