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Curriculum; tuition fee; an applicant; a fresher; department; graduate from; employers; term; scholarship; a graduate.

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EU JEP CATCH PROJECT

FIRST PILOTING

SPRING 2008

 

Module I

General English for University and Professional Purposes I

Student’s script

 

for internal use only

 

Producers:

Svetlana Konyaeva

Marina Berezina

Elena Teleshova

Leader:

Svetlana Konyaeva

 

 

Contents

 

Unit I. 3

EDUCATION SYSTEM IN RUSSIA AND ENGLISH SPEAKING COUNTRIES. 3

 

SELF- STUDY MATERIALS FOR SECTION I. 24

 

Unit II. 42

COUNTRIES AND CITIES. 42

 

SELF-STUDY MATERIALS FOR SECTION II. 55

 

Unit III. 58

SCIENTISTS. 58

 

SELF-STUDY MATERIALS FOR SECTION III. 83

 

Unit IV.. 96

COMPUTER.. 96

 

SELF-STUDY MATERIALS FOR SECTION IV.. 112

 

Unit V.. 119

CAREER PROSPECTS. 119

 

SELF-STUDY MATERIALS FOR SECTION V.. 142

 


Unit I

EDUCATION SYSTEM IN RUSSIA AND ENGLISH SPEAKING COUNTRIES

Lesson 1

LEAD-IN

a. Now you are first-year students. You passed your entrance exams thanks to the knowledge you gained at school. Say a few words about:

1) the type of school you studied at;

2) compulsory and optional courses there were at your school (chemistry, drawing, history, geography, etc.);

3) how many times a week you had your lessons of English;

4) your favourite subjects;

5) the entrance exams you passed before entering the university.

b. Work in pairs. Match the questions in A with their answers in B:

A B
I. What faculty are you in? I’m a student.
2. How old are you? I study at the State Technical University.
3. What are you? I’m good at maths and poor at chemistry.
4. What’s your name? I’m seventeen.
5. Where do you study? My name is...........
6. What year are you in? I’m in the (civil engineering) faculty.
7. What are you going to become (to be)? I’m a first-year student (a fresher, in my first year).
8. What subjects are you good/poor at? Yes, I do. I’m getting on well at the University.
9. Do you get a grant (scholarship)? I’m going to become a (civil engineer).
10. What subjects are taught at the University? Well, it depends on the faculty and the year.

 

ACTIVE VOCABULARY

Give synonyms or close meanings of the following words and word combinations and try to pronounce them correctly:

Secondary school, private school, natural sciences, higher education, total number, multitude, to enter, entrance exams, non-government, applicants, graduates, employers, links, fee-paying form, compulsory, optional.

Look at the photo and discuss these questions:

- What building is it?

- Where is it situated?

- When was it founded?

- Who was the founder of it?

Find out more: http://www.msu.ru/en

 

 

READING TEXT

Read the following text and try to understand it:

EDUCATION IN RUSSIA

At present, there are different kinds of secondary educational institutions, including lyceums and gymnasiums in Russia:

1. An ordinary secondary school, which reproduces the pattern of the Soviet period, with the program now extended to 11 years.

2. A gymnasium, which provides a higher standard of training in the humanities.

3. A lyceum, which gives deep knowledge in the natural sciences and technology.

4. Private schools, which comprise 1% of the total number of secondary schools. But studying there is very expensive, and very few can afford it.

The present education in Russia, including, higher education, is free. But now there is a multitude of non-government universities.

It is much easier to enter a private university than a free (government) university, because the requirements of the entrance examinations are much lower and the competition is not so stiff (not everybody can afford to pay for education), but also because free government universities have long-standing traditions, including a system of training specialists and experienced teachers. So the competition among the entrants is very tough, particularly at prestigious universities; and the successful passing of the entrance exams takes long and careful preparation.

In spite of the economic difficulties Russia is going through, the number of universities and students in the country is going up. The competition increases every year, especially in the fields of medicine, law, finance, and economics. There are also many applicants to the departments of modern technology and general theoretical training.

After Graduation from an Institution of Higher Education young people can find jobs through their parents and friends; and sometimes a “Career Day” is organized, where future graduates and representatives of companies — potential employers — meet. At such meetings, useful links are established, and interviews are given. Now, students often begin to work at outside jobs during their second or third year of study; and by the time they graduate, they have already become experienced specialists.



N. Tokareva, Moscow, 2005

READING COMPREHENSION

I. Fill in the blanks with suitable words.

- Free education in Russia is the most common; there also exist .............. schools and universities which charge tuition fees.

- Gymnasium is a kind of secondary school which concentrates mainly on ..................

- The competition for entering universities is very ..........

II. Match the words and their definitions given below:

curriculum; tuition fee; an applicant; a fresher; department; graduate from; employers; term; scholarship; a graduate.

a person who wants to be a student;

payments for teaching;

successfully complete an academic course;

one of the periods into which the academic year is divided;

a person who gives work, usually for payment;

a course of study in a school, college, etc.;

yearly grant given to a student to continue his study;

a person who has completed the course at an educational institution;

one of several divisions of a university.

a first-year student.

 

III. Answer the following questions and be ready to discuss the main ideas of the topic:

- Is education at Russian schools and universities free?

- Is there also a free-paying-form of education at government universities?

- What is the difference between a gymnasium and an ordinary school?

- Why is the competition so tough at government universities as compared with private ones?

- Has the number of students in Russia been increasing lately?

- How do students who graduate from universities find jobs?

 

IV. Tell briefly about education in Russia.

 

Speaking

 

It is your first day at the University. You try to find out everything about the University, faculty, and curriculum. You meet new people and talk about college life. Use the new words and word combinations from the previous exercise and from the box below and make up dialogues about your study at the University:

Загрузка...
to enter the University to graduate from the University total number of students to attend lectures to take exams to fail exams to live in hostel

 

You may find the following expressions helpful:

By the way as for me I’d like to know I wonder

I see I’m afraid if I’m not mistaken and what about you

It seems to me that I don’t know exactly

 


Writing

Informal letters

Look at the organization of the following informal letter.

We begin all letters with Dear... Your address and the date, but not your name.

 

38 Clifton Gardens London NW6 27 September 1991 Dear Maria I’m very pleased that we’re going to be penfriends. I’ll tell you a little about myself, and you can do the same when you write to me.   I live in an area of London called Maida Vale. It’s quite near the centre, but there are parks nearly where I take my dog, Mickey, for a walk. I live with my parents and my younger brother, Paul. My father works for the post office and my mother has a part-time job as a nurse.   I go to the local comprehensive school, where I have a lot of friends. I like most subjects, bat not all of them! In the evenings I sometimes visit friends or stay at home and listen to music, and at the weekends I like going swimming or horse-riding.   At the moment I’m working very hard because I have exams soon, so I’m spending a lot of time in the library!   I’m looking forward to hearing from you! Write soon!     Best wishes.

 


Introduction

Where you live
Who you live with
What your family does

 

 

What you do What you like Your hobbies and interests

 

What you’re doing at the moment

 

Ending

You can end a letter to (a friend with Best wishes, or Regards, or Love, if you know them well.

 

 

John&Lis Soars, Headway, Oxford University Press

Homework

I. Write a letter to your penfriend about yourself and your study at the University following this scheme:

1) Your name, age; 2) the name of your University; 3) the date of its foundation; 4) its faculties; 5) the faculty you are in; 6) the subjects you study; 7) your success in studies; 8) exams; 9) whether you get a grant or not; 10) the place you live in....

II. Do grammar test.

Lesson 2

Introduction

We discussed the education system in Russia at the previous lesson. In general the second and high education in Russia is free, but there are also non-government universities and private schools and a fee-paying form of education at government universities. Today we are talking about the education system in Great Britain.

 

 

Look at the photo:

This is the building of one of the oldest Universities in Great Britain. It has got the name of the city it is situated in. The history of the University and the city started at the same time in the 12th century as the result of the migration of students. What University is this? What do you know about it?

Find out more:http://www.ox.ac.uk

LEXICAL EXERCISES

Active vocabulary

 

Find suitable definitions to the following words and word combinations, which you learned at the previous lesson:

a person who wants to be a student; sciences that deal with the physical world, considered as a group or as individual subjects such as physics, chemistry, or biology; a school providing education that the children’s parents pay for directly; a school for pupils aged from 6-7 to 17-18; the education, which you get after secondary; general quantity; teaching cost; something, which doesn’t belong to the government; someone who has finished their studies at university or college, usually by getting a degree; a connection between two people, places or facts; obligatory; a company or a person that employs people; elective.

 

Secondary school, private school, higher education, natural sciences, total number, entrance exam, to pay for tuition, non-governmental, applicant, graduate, employer, link, optional, compulsory; an applicant.

 

New words

Give synonyms or close meanings of the following words and word combinations and try to pronounce them correctly:

Primary school, comprehensive school, craft, domestic science, woodwork, campus, nursery, tutor, Bachelor degree, preparatory, public schools.

 

SPEAKING PRACTICE

Read the following text to get the information about the education system in Great Britain:

THE EDUCATION SYSTEM IN GREAT BRITAIN

Education in Britain is provided by the Local Education Authority (LEA). Educational planning and organization are not controlled as much by central government as in many other countries.


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Читайте в этой же книге: Special questions | The Present Simple Tense | General questions | The Sentence Structure | COUNTRIES AND CITIES | Speaking practice | SELF-STUDY MATERIALS FOR SECTION II | ACTIVE VOCABULARY | READING COMPREHENSION | LEXICAL EXERCISES |
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