David Herbert Lawrence(1885-1930) was born at Eastwood, Nottinghamshire, the fourth of five children of a miner and his middle-class wife. He attended Nottingham High School and Nottingham University College. His first novel, The White Peacock, was published in 1911, just a few weeks after the death of his mother to whom he was very close. His career as a schoolteacher was ended in 1911 when he was diagnosed as having tuberculosis.
From that time Lawrence devoted himself to writing. His greatest novels The Rainbow and Women in Love, were completed in 1915 and 1916 but he could not find a publisher for them. After the war Lawrence began his "savage pilgrimage" in search of more creative mode of life than industrial Western civilisation could offer. He travelled to Cicily, Ceylon, Australia and, finally, New Mexico. He returned to Europe in 1925, quite unwillingly because he hated Europe, but he had contracted malaria which, in addition to his tuberculosis, could have killed him within a year. By then he was already actively painting. In 1928 his novel, Lady Chatterley's Lover, was banned; he was sued for it and his paintings were confiscated. He died in Venice in 1930 at the age of forty-four.
Lawrence spent most of his short life in writing. He produced an amazing quantity of work — novels, stories, poems, plays, essays, travel books, translations, and letters. After his death his wife Frieda wrote: "What he had seen and felt and known he gave in his writing to his fellow men... a heroic and immeasurable gift."
In New Mexico Lawrence found something that was very
important to his general vision of the world; he found a name for
Практикум по художественному переводу
his dark god "as shaggy as the pine trees and horrible as the lightning." That name was Pan. The essay Pan in America states his position most fully; Pan figures in many of his stories not only as an abstract life force and a necessary counterbalance to the Christian ideal, but also as a terrifying supernatural presence like Dionysus or the Great God Pan, wreaking a terrible vengeance upon those who deny him. There is an amusing painting by Dorothy Brett of Lawrence upon a cross. Dancing before him is a horned and goat-footed figure who also bears the face of Lawrence. The "god theme" was also important in his novel, The Plumed Serpent, written and completed in Mexico.
It was in 1927 that he began to write the story called The Man Who Was Through with the World. Lawrence himself was such a man at times; he strongly felt the attraction of the hermit life. The story was abandoned and left unfinished, probably, because it was too close to its author. He himself wrote about it: "I think one must for the moment withdraw from the world, away towards the inner realities that are real: and return to the world later, when one is quiet and sure." For Henry the Hermit there is a choice between Scylla and Charybdis: to allow oneself to be swallowed by the world, exposing oneself to "the pollution of people," or to withdraw to the island of oneself and die the spiritual death of solipsism. One cannot tell whether Henry is going to lose his grip on life as the winter advances and die for lack of human contact, or whether the following spring will see him enter the world again, resurrected.
Task for comparison:
The Man Who Was Through with the World — Уйти от суеты
THE MAN WHO WAS THROUGH WITH THE WORLD
There was a man not long ago, who felt he was through with the world, so he decided to be a hermit. He had a little money, and he knew that nowadays there arc no hermitages going rent-
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