I. Fill in the blank with the correct word:
1. Аrchaeological studies support human presence in northern Yukon to 26,500 years ago, and in southern Ontario to … .
2. Europeans first arrived when the Vikings … at L'Anse aux Meadows circa AD 1000.
3. The first permanent European settlements were established by … in 1605 and Quebec City in 1608, and by the English in Newfoundland, around 1610.
4. For much of the 17th century, the … colonies in North America were able to develop in relative isolation from each other.
5. As competition for … several wars broke out between the French, English and Native tribes.
6. A series of four French and Indian Wars fought between 1689 and 1763 culminated … in the Seven Years' War.
7. To accommodate the English-speaking Loyalists in Quebec, the province was divided into … under the Constitutional Act in 1791.
8. One goal—which proved unacceptable for the alliance of anglophone and francophone reformers that had rebelled in 1837—was … .
9. The Canadas were merged into a single, quasi-federal colony, the United Province of Canada, with … .
10. Following the Great Coalition, the Charlottetown Conference, the Quebec Conference of 1864, and the London Conference of 1866, the three colonies— … —undertook the process of Confederation.
II. Find out whether the statement is true or false according to the information in the text:
1. European explorers and trappers unwittingly brought diseases that decimated them.
2. French colonists extensively settled the St. Lawrence River valley, while English colonists largely settled in the Thirteen Colonies to the south.
3. By the terms of Treaty of Paris in 1763, Britain gained control of all of France's North American territory east of the Mississippi River.
4. Britain passed the Quebec Act of 1774, re-establishing the French language, Catholic faith, and French civil law in Quebec.
5. The British North America Act created "one dominion under the name of Canada", with two provinces: Ontario and Quebec.
6. To assert authority over the western provinces, Canada constructed three trans-continental railways, most notably the Canadian Pacific Railway, encouraged immigrants to develop the prairies with the Dominion Lands Act, and established the North West Mounted Police.
7. Canada didn’t enter the First World War in 1914.
8. In 1919, Canada joined the League of Nations in its own right, and in 1931 the Statute of Westminster confirmed that no act of the British Parliament would extend to Canada without its consent.
1. Why did the French and Iroquois Wars erupt between the Iroquois Confederation and the Algonquin, with their French allies?
2. When were a series of four French and Indian Wars fought?
3. What were the consequences of the Quebec Act of 1774 passed by Britain?
4. What was a major front in the War of 1812 between the United States and British Empire?
5. What was done with the Act of Union in 1840?
6. What led to the creation of the Colony of Vancouver Island in 1849?
7. By what facts was exacerbated alienation between English-speaking Canadians and the Québécois?
8. When has economic integration with the United States encreased?
9. Name the characteristic feature of Canadians.
IV. Do you remember?
1. Name the provinces of Canada.
2. What can you say about Benjamin West?
3. Who is the Prime Minister of Canada?
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