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Разные факторы успеха

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В бизнесе для успешной работы часто требуются инициатива, гибкость и умение работать в команде. Мы не говорим, что подобные подходы нельзя применять в школе. Однако в большинстве школ дело обстоит иначе. Образование происходит на конкурентной основе. С помощью оценок, рейтингов и других оценочных техник дети сравниваются и противопоставляются, что подавляет инициативу, гибкость и готовность работать в команде.

Результаты бизнеса можно измерить объективно: количеством произведенных и проданных товаров и количеством вернувшихся за услугой покупателей. В образовании же результат невозможно измерить объективно. Существующие сегодня измерительные инструменты могут оценивать лишь незначительную часть усвоенных знаний в количественном или качественном эквиваленте.

Интересно отметить, что лидеры в области образования следуют за идеями лидеров бизнеса и правительства. Но в бизнесе никто не попытается измерить успешность работников, если половина из них по определению ниже среднего уровня. Не только половина учащихся находится ниже среднего уровня, половина школ тоже. Ни в каких других институтах нет такого жесткого и удручающего разделения.

 

Различия в процедурах и факторе времени

 

Менеджер, руководящий сотрудниками, администратор, отвечающий за проект или департамент, и директор, определяющий успех или провал бизнеса, – работают иначе, чем учителя. Задача учителя передать информацию, добиться понимания, развить навыки общения и создать поведение, соответствующее целям гражданского общества. Поэтому с теми, кто учится медленно, работают иначе, чем с одаренными учениками. Ученикам даются различные задания в зависимости от их знаний, умений и навыков. Поскольку школа стремится учитывать потребности детей, в ней установлена гибкая система распределения времени. В бизнесе целью процедур является производительность, а временные рамки жестко расписаны.

Наконец, бизнес работает в настоящем, а школы всегда имеют дело с будущим.

 

Выводы

 

Обучение – это обучение, а не бизнес. Сравнивать образование с бизнесом не только неудачная, но и ложная метафора. Ошибочно сравнивать бизнес с образованием лишь потому, что и там, и там требуются навыки и усилия. Школы выиграют, если на них будут обращать внимание без неудачных сравнений с бизнесом.

 

 

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