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Exercise 1. Supply the necessary forms of the subjunctive mood in clauses introduced by as if and as though.

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THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD.

I. The Subjunctive mood after the conjunction As If/ As Though.

 

The Subjunctive Mood is used after the conjunction As If /As Though (так как будто бы).

 

e.g. You talk as if you had a bad cold.

He was quite as if nothing had happened.

 

When the action of the main and the subordinate clauses take place at the same time the Past Simple is used in the subordinate clause. Any tense can be used in the main clause.

 

e.g. He spoke (speaks, will speak) as if he knew everything.

The form of the Past Perfect is used to show that the action of the subordinate clause took place before the action of the main clause. Any tense can be used in the main clause.

e.g. She cries bitterly as if she had lost all hope.

II. The Subjunctive Mood after the Verbs

Expressing ORDERS, COMMANDS, SUGGESTIONS.

 

the main clause the object clause
After to order, to demand, to insist, to propose, to suggest, to recommend   SHOULD (for all persons) + INFINITIVE

 

e.g. He suggested that they should go to the party.

III. The Subjunctive Mood after IT IS NECESSARY/ IT IS NATURAL.

the main clause the object clause
After It is necessary …. It is important …. It is impossible …. It is unbelievable.. It is strange …. It is improbable ... It is natural … It is desirable …   SHOULD (for all persons) + INFINITIVE   for simultaneous actions in the main and the subordinate clauses  
SHOULD ( for all persons) + PERFECT INFINITIVE   when the action of the subordinate clause took place before the action of the main clause.

 

 

e.g. It is important that he should be present at the lecture.

It is unbelievable that he should have learnt the language in six months.

 

IV. The Subjunctive Mood After IT’S (ABOUT) TIME/IT’S HIGH TIME.

the main clause the object clause
After It’s (about) time It’s high time (давно пора)   PAST SIMPLE    

e.g. It’s about time you visited your sick friend.

It’s high time you were washed and dressed.

 

 

V. The Subjunctive Mood in ADVERBIAL CLAUSES OF PURPOSE.

the main clause the clause of purpose
After the conjunctions that, so that, in order that, so     MAY (MIGHT) CAN (COULD) + INFINITIVE  
  MIGHT COULD + INFINITIVE   refers to the past
lest (чтобы не)   SHOULD + INFINITIVE

e.g. I tell you this so that you may understand the situation.

She gave him the book that he might have something to read on the

journey.

Shut the window lest he should catch cold.

Exercise 1. Supply the necessary forms of the subjunctive mood in clauses introduced by as if and as though.

1. You look as though you (not to have) much sleep the last night or two. 2. He felt as if he (to catch) cold. 3. She always smelled as though she just (to come) from a long walk in a forest. 4. He looked as if he (not to have) a meal for a week. 5. He frowned as she (to be puzzled). 6. He looked as if he (not to sleep) much lately. 7. It looked as though he (to be) filled with an overwhelming joy. 8. The sky looked as though it (to be) grey for months. 9. She greeted me as though I (to be) an old school friend whom she had not seen for years. 10. Her eyes were sparkling as though she (to laugh) at us. 11. She was breathing fast and deep, as though she (to run). 12. He looked as though he (not to move) since 1 left him the previous night. 13. Our life goes on as if nothing (to happen). 14. He felt as if he (to be reprimanded).

 

Exercise 2. Complete the following sentences.

 

1. He always makes wonderful speeches as if ……. 2. He looked tired as though……….. 3. She knows these parts well as though ………4. It seemed as though ………… 5. Why are you looking at me as if ………. 6. ……….. as if he had never heard it before. 7. He was pale as if ……….. 8. We met as though ………… 9. You look as though ………10. …………….. as though he did not notice anything around him. 11. He often looked at his watch as if ……………….. 12. She spoke about her as though ……………. 13. The man turned pale as if …………… 14. It was as if ………….. . 15. ………… as though the whole world had gone to sleep. 16. You treat me as though ………. 17. He behaves as if ………… 18. Why are you staring at me as though …………….. 19. He smiled cunningly as though …………… 20. We felt at home with her at once as though ……..

 


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