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How historians DO history

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  1. Read the text and find the answers to the following questions:

· What is meant by “doing” history?

· What is understood by historical forces and their role?

· What is the role of the geographical factor in history?

· Who thought that history is the product of conflict?

· Who objected to understanding history as future determined by the past?

When doing history, it helps to keep in mind that there are many different ways of determining how history happens. One of the key things to remember is that historians disagree very much over why almost any event happened. In the search for how things happen, we get ideas about how to understand our present world's events and what to do about them, if anything.

The following list of selected historians can give you some ideas of how the great historians "did" history. Also, keep in mind that this list is in no way complete or exclusive of other historians.

__________________________



sap – подрывать, ослаблять

pagan – языческий

firestorm – огненная буря; вспышка гнева

undermine – подрывать, расшатывать

hostile – враждебный, недружественный

 

  1. Look through the text again and find words and constructions you may use in your professional discourse (scientific terms etc.). Translate and memorize them.
  2. Find the transcription of the following words and practise pronouncing them: assertion, frontier, throughout, occurred, antithesis, anonymous.
  3. Sum up the positions of the cited historians.
  4. State your own point of view on understanding historical process.

 


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Читайте в этой же книге: Romanticism | Modernism and Post-modern literature | Brief Discussion on History of English Literature | King Alfred the Great. | England under foreign kings. | Part III. | Part IV. | FRANCIS DRAKE | OLIVER CROMWELL | OLIVER CROMWELL |
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