1. At present in Great Britain there are a number of universities and colleges which give instruction in mechanical engineering, mining, metallurgy, etc. These institutions provide full-time and part-time education.
2. A university graduate leaves with the degree of Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science, which is an academic qualification awarded by universities.
For example, the University in Cardiff has become one of the largest in Wales. It is one of the four colleges which together with the Welsh National School of Medicine form the University of Wales. There is the Mining Engineering Department in the University of Wales. The Department deals with the whole range of extractive industries such as coal and metalliferous mining, quarrying and oil technology.
3. At the Mining Department students may take several courses such as geology, mining engineering, mine surveying, quarrying, management studies and others. It has become a tradition that the courses are based on an intensive tutorial system. It means that students are allotted to members of the teaching staff for individual tuition separately in mining, in quarrying and in mine surveying. The system is founded on that of the older universities of Great Britain.
4. At the Department of Mining Engineering of the Newcastle University mining has now become a technically advanced profession. The Department of Mining Engineering trains industrially experienced engineers through various advanced courses in rock mechanics and surface excavation.
5. At the University a student studies for three or four years. The organization of the academic year is based on a three-term system which usually runs from about the beginning of October to the middle of December, from the middle of January to the end of March and from the middle of April to the end of June or the beginning of July.
5. Students' course is designed on a modular basis. When a student passes a module, he (she) gains a credit. All modules carry a number of credits. At the end of the term, the number of credits a student gets determines the award he (she) receives. Each module is continuously assessed by coursework and/or end-of-term examinations.
II. Знайдіть відповіді на запитання.
1. Are there many technical institutions in Great Britain?
2. Is the Mining Engineering Department the only one in the University of Wales?
3. Does the Mining Engineering Department deal only with metalliferous mining?
4. What courses are of special importance for mining engineers?
5. What do you know about the organization of the academic year at British universities?
III. Вкажіть номери речень які відповідають змісту текста.
1. At present there are about a hundred technical institutions in Great Britain.
2. At the Mining Engineering Department the courses are based on an intensive tutorial system.
3. The organization of the academic year is based on a three-term system.
4. The students may visit surface and underground mines during their course of training.
5. The universities and colleges provide full-time and part-time education.
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