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Exercises. I. Use the following words and phrases in sentences of your own:

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I. Use the following words and phrases in sentences of your own:


metal-cutting tools, to pivot, to slip, to lose power, tension, of the belt, driven pulley, driving pulley, rubberized cloth, chain gear, slack, to tend, to incorporate, inertia, to ruin, to injure

II. Answer the following questions:


1. What is the belt drive used for and in what machines? 2. Because of what feature is the belt-and-pulley system of transmitting rotary motion not positive? 3. Owing to what features are belts still incorporated in the drive? 4. What are the main two types of belts? 5. What are different belts made of? 6. For what purpose are V-belts pulled over the pulleys into special grooves? 7. How does a chain transmit its tension to every tooth of the chain gear which comes into contact with it? 8. What are the advantages of a link-belt silent chain over a belt?

III. Underline the suffixes in the following words and state to what part of speech they belong:


tension, pulley, friction, widely, endless, manufacture, special, slipping, effective

IV. Connect the following sentences using participle constructions and gerundial constructions:

Example: 1. V-belts are of a trapezoidal shape. They are made of rubberized cloth. V-belts made of rubberized cloth are of a trapezoidal shape.

2. V-belts are pulled over the pulleys into special grooves. The special grooves reduce slipping of V-belts.

V-belts are pulled over the pulleys into special grooves for reducing slipping of V-belts.


1. The belt drive is used for driving lathes. The belt drive transmits rotation of an electromotor from one pulley to another. 2. The chain transmits tension to every tooth of the chain gear coming into contact with it. The chain is applied on the lathe. 3. The lathe is provided with an electromotor. The electromotor sets in motion the belt drive. 4. The two pulleys of the belt are mounted on two parallel shafts. The shafts are connected by an endless belt. 5. Flat belts are widely used on metal-cutting tools. Flat belts are made of leather or rubberized cloth. 6. The driving pulley is incorporated in the lathe drive. The driving pulley transmits rotation of an electromotor.

V. Translate into English:


1. Следует указать, что ремень тем больше проскальзывает, чем слабее его натяжение и чем меньшую часть шкива он охватывает по окружности. 2. Клиновидные ремни натягиваются по несколько в ряд и укладываются на шкивах в канавки. 3. В токарных станках передачи как клиновидными, так и плоскими ремнями применяются только с натяжным устройством. 4. Передача плоскими ремнями отличается от передачи клиновидными ремнями. 5. Ременная передача в токарных станках применяется главным образом для передачи вращения приводному шкиву от электромотора.

VI. (a) Read and translate the text without using a dictionary:


While a motor drive is standard equipment there are certain cases where pulley and belt drive meets the conditions of varied power requirements. It is possible to obtain belt connection with idle pulley and motor mounted in special way. In such a case the 6 inch 6 spindle machine when pulley drive is desired is equipped with 14 inch diameter pulley with 4Ѕ inch face which should run at 760 r.p.m., but the 8 inch 6 spindle machine is equipped with 14 inch diameter pulley with 4Ѕ inch face which should run at 600 r.p.m.

(b) On the bash- of this text make up questions and answer them:

VIII. Giving answers to the following questions describe the principle of operation of the belt drive shown in Fig. 48:



1. What is shown in Fig. 43? 2. How many pulleys does this drive consist of? 3. Where are these two pulleys mounted and how are they connected? 4. What are the functions of the pulleys used in belt drives? 5. How are pulleys classified depending upon the functions performed by them? 6. What pulley is called the "driving pulley"? 7. What pulley is called the "driven pulley'"?


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