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Exercise 5 Translate the following sentences into English.

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  1. A few common expressions are enough for most telephone conversations. Practice these telephone expressions by completing the following dialogues using the words listed below.
  2. A Read the text again quickly and complete sentences 1-6.
  3. A) Answer the following questions about yourself.
  4. A) Order the words to make sentences.
  5. A) Think of ONE noun to complete all of the following collocations
  6. A). Look at the calendar which shows his arrangements for the next few months and then make up sentences, as in the example.
  7. A. Match the questions and answers. Complete the sentences.

1. Шкода, що я забула книгу вдома. Я б прочитала вам цей уривок. 2. Шкода, що це трапилося. Якби ви там були, ви могли б запобігти цьому. 3. Хотілося б мені плавати так само, як і ви. 4. Якби він тільки зрозумів, що це для мене означає.. 5. Ми пожалкували, що не пішли з усіма до театру. 6. Шкода, що нам не сказали, що робити в таких випадках. 7. Було б гарно, якби хтось прийшов до нас сьогодні в гості. 8. Ми шкодували, що було так холодно і ми не могли погуляти трохи довше. 9. Вона раптово відчула свою самотність і пожалкувала про те, що пішла туди сама. 10. Шкода, що ви не послухалися поради лікаря. Вам зараз було б набагато краще. 11. Як шкода, що ти не цікавишся мистецтвом. Ми могли б піти на виставку разом. 12. Ви пошкодуєте, що не прийняли запрошення вашого англійського друга. 13. Я б хотіла, щоб ти перестав нарешті зі мною сперечатись. 14. Як би ж то можна було все змінити.

The Use of Subjunctive II to Express Advice and Preference

HAD BETTER

Subjunctive II is used in the set phrase “had better” to give advice. “Had better” is followed by a bare infinitive. The negative form is ‘had better not do’. The negative interrogative is also used to give advice: hadn’t you better do it?

Look at the boy! He’s playing the guitar. He had better not be playing the guitar now. Hehad better cleanhis room and feed his fish. It’s starving. He’d better not be so messy in future or his mother will be really angry with him.

Watch out! ‘Had better’ is stronger than ‘should’. It’s used to say what is sensible to do in a particular situation, in order to avoid some badconsequence. E.g. You'd better drive carefully - there's a police car behind us! We'd better not go to bed too late, had we? We've got to leave early tomorrow. However, we don’t use it ü to make general comments. E.g.: You should always be careful when crossing the street. You had better always be careful when crossing the street. ü to talk about the pastE.g.: You should have driven more carefully. It would have been better if you had driven more carefully. You had better have driven more carefully.

Exercise 1 a)What would you say in such situations? Use had better do smth/ hadn’t you better do smth.

1. You’re going out for a walk with Tom. It might rain.
You say to Tom: …………………………………………...…

2. Jack has cut himself. It’s quite a bad cut. You say to him: ……

3. You and Ann plan to go to a restaurant. It’s very popular and it’s necessary to book a table. You say to Ann: ………………

4. Jill doesn’t feel well enough to go to work. You say: ...........

5. You haven’t paid your telephone bill. Your telephone might be cut off. You say to yourself: ……........................................

6. You've got a long journey, and the petrol tank is almost empty. You ...

7. You are travelling by train and you’re deciding how many clothes to take. You say to yourself: …….....................................

8. There’s little to get to the station. You say to yourself: …….......

9. Your friend is getting married on Saturday, but he hasn't got a suit. You say to him: ………………………………………...

10. There's a fire in the kitchen, and you can't put it out. You think:

b)What do you say when you see these signs? (You’d better...)

c)What do you say after the event? (It would have been better if you hadn’t ........ )

Exercise 2Translate the sentences into English.

1. Ти б краще проконсультувався з лікарем перед тим, як їхати. 2. Ти б краще не витрачав стільки часу на комп’ютерні ігри. 3. Краще б ти не гуляла ввечері сама. Це небезпечно. 4. Було б краще, якби ви менше говорили, а більше робили. Ви б вже завершили роботу. 5. Вони б краще допомогли йому. Він живе у таких поганих умовах. 6. Чи не краще вам викликати таксі? 7. Ти б краще не сперечалася зі мною. 8. Було б краще, якби ви їй не казали про це. 9. Тобі краще було б поснідати вранці. 10. Ти б краще не пив каву так пізно. 11. Краще кажіть правду. 12. Було б краще, якби він взяв декілька бутербродів. 13. Краще говоріть повільніше. 14. Чи не краще нам залишитись вдома і послухати музику?



Exercise 3Put in had better or should.

1. My bus is in ten minutes. I .........… leave now or I’ll be late.

2. It’s a great movie. You …… go and see it. You’ll really like it.

3. I ……….........… get up early tomorrow. I’ve got a lot to do.

4. You .....................not have gone there without me yesterday.

5. When people are driving, they …. keep their eyes on the road.

6. Thank you for coming to see us. You ……. come more often.

7. She’ll be upset if we don’t invite her to the wedding, so we … invite her.

8. Why didn’t you tell me? You .........… have told me at once.

9. These biscuits are delicious. You ……….............… try one.

10. I think everybody ………...………. learn a foreign language.

11. I have got a headache. I …have gone to bedso late yesterday.

12. It’s freezing cold outside. You ............ put on your fur coat.

Exercise 4Read the dialogue and make up the dialogues between the Sergeant and the other recruits.

It's Saturday afternoon at Bothering-ton Army Camp.
The new recruits are supposed to be working, but they aren't. They are lazing around in the barracks. The Sergeant-Major has just opened the door. He's brought the duty roster with him, so he knows exactly what each of them should be doing.

ROYAL PURBECK REGIMENT B Company, 3rd Platoon Duties 6th- June

SMITH Mow lawns

JONES Paint signs

MURPHY Peel potatoes

Загрузка...

McCOY Polish the General’s car

KILROY Clean the toilets

Sergeant: Smith! What are you doing?

SmithI'm listening to the radio, sir.

Sergeant-And what are you supposed to be doing, Smith?

Smith I'm not sure, sir.

Sergeant Well, let me tell you, Smith. You are supposed to be mowing the lawn!

Smith Yes, sir. I'm sorry sir. It won'thappen again, sir.

Sergeant It'd better not, Smith. And when I come back, Smith, you'd better be mowing that grass! Do you understand?

SmithYes, sir.

Sergeant: This isn't a holiday camp. You're in the army now!


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Читайте в этой же книге: The Use of Subjunctive II for Unreal Wishes and Regrets | WISH-SENTENCES & CONDITIONALS | Progress Check | By as if, as though | Subjunctive I & Suppositional Mood | In adverbial clauses of purpose |
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Progress Check| Make sentences about the other soldiers.

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