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WISH-SENTENCES & CONDITIONALS

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Exercise 1 a)Comment on the situations with conditionals & wish-sentences. E.g.: You felt sick and you missed your friend’s birthday. I wish I hadn’t felt sick. If I hadn’t felt sick, I wouldn’t have missed it.

1. You can't operate a computer. You didn’t prepare your presentation

2. You have to study long hours. You don’t have any time to socialise.

3. You made a mistake in your test. You didn’t get a good mark.

4. You didn't tell the truth to your parents. You are in trouble now.

5. You weren’t offered the job because you aren’t qualified.

6. You want to go away for the weekend but you have a lot of homework.

7. You want a pet but your parents don’t let you keep one.

8. You like chocolate but you are on a diet.

9. You missed Practical Grammar class and now you don’t know how to use “wish”-sentences.

b) Look at the pictures and comment on the problems of the people

Exercise 2Read the text and then speak about the fellow's regrets. Use ten wish-sentences and conditional sentences.

"I live in a squalid flat. I'm out of work and on the dole. I didn't have a good education; in fact I left school at fifteen without any qualifications. I wrote about fifty job applications and didn't get a single job. I went for a lot of interviews, but I don't really know how to behave at interviews, I can't answer their questions very well.

I sit about at home every day, watching TV, and smoking. I get through about forty cigarettes a day, so I don't have enough money to go to football matches any more. A friend of mine from school has got a job at a travel agent's. He travels all over the world for his holidays, and he's always telling me about wonderful trips to Spain and Greece. I've never been abroad! I'm so depressed. I think the worst thing is having nothing to look forward to. I'm, nineteen, and I have a lifetime of nothing in front of me

 

Watch out! Oblique moods don’t follow the rules of sequence of tenses. The usage of the Subjunctive II depends only on the fact whether the action is simultaneous or prior to that of the main clause. ü Present Subjunctive II is used for the action that is simultaneous to that of the main clause. He wishes he were a millionaire. He wished he were a millionaire. He will wish he were a millionaire. ü Past Subjunctive II is used for the action prior to that of the main clause. He wishes he had won that lottery. He wished he had won that lottery. He will wish he had won that lottery

 

Exercise 3Open the brackets Use Present Subjunctive II to denote simultaneousness and Past Subjunctive II to denote priority.

1. For a moment I wished I ................................. (to refuse) to come.

2. You’ll wish you ...........................................(to stay) back at home.

3. I sometimes wished I ....................................(to be) like other girls.

4. I wished I............................................. (to know) what to tell them.

5. Mother wished my room .......................................... (to be) a mess.

6. Sometimes Mother wished we .......................(to stay) in the North.

7. Do you never wish now you ........................... (to take) her advice?

8. She will wish she....................... (not to put on) that dress. I’m sure everyone will laugh at her.

9. Oh, what a lovely dress! I wish I ................................... (can) buy.

Exercise 4Comment on the following situations:

1. He missed the bus yesterday. He wished ………………

2. I don’t think it’s a good idea to go there. I think you will wish you …

3. He couldn’t take his girlfriend to the café yesterday as he had no money. He wished ……

4. He didn’t pass the test as he didn’t know the answers. He wished ……. (to know the answers) He wished …… (to prepare better).

5. I think we should tell him about our worries. If he goes there and something happens, we will wish we ………………. him.

6. He didn’t bring the umbrella with him yesterday so he got wet. He wished ……………….. (to have) the umbrella with him. He wished …………….. (to leave) the umbrella at home in the morning.

7. If you harm her, believe me, you will wish you …………… born.

8. She was wearing the high-heeled shoes the whole day yesterday. In the evening she couldn’t move. She wished … (to put on) those shoes. She wished ... (to have) some ointment to reduce the pain.

9. So, I’ve made up my mind to become a teacher. I hope I won’t wish I …………… a dentist one day.

Exercise 5Translate the following sentences.

1. Нам було шкода, що ми не зустрілися з ними раніше.

2. Йому було шкода, що все пішло не так, як він хотів.

3. Нам було шкода, що у нас не було з собою грошей. Ми б купили той телевізор.



4. Я боюся, ми пожалкуємо, що в нас з собою не буде словника.

5. Він пожалкує, що забув мапу в готелі – тут легко можна загубитися.

6. Мері шкодувала, що вона була така сором’язлива.

7. Джон шкодував, що у нього не було можливості поїхати туди наступного року.

8. Наша вчителька шкодувала, що дозволила нам піти за покупками

9. Ви пожалкуєте, що не купили тут сувеніри ручної роботи.

10. Ви пожалкуєте, що не знаєте французьку мову, коли будете в Парижі. Французи не люблять людей, що розмовляють англійською.

11. Ми шкодували, що у нас не було часу більше поспілкуватися. Але нам дійсно треба було іти.

Exercise 6Read the story below and rewrite it using wish-sentences.

It was Saturday morning and Mrs Jenkins had to go to the supermarket to buy the weekly groceries. The car park was full, so she parked on the street. The supermarket was so crowded that it took her over an hour to do her shopping. When she got to the cashier, she realised that she had left her purse in the car, so she couldn't pay for her groceries. She went to the car to get her purse but the street was empty and her car had disappeared. She called the police to report that her car had been stolen. The police told her that her car had been towed away because she had parked it in a no-parking zone. Her husband had to go down to the police station and pay the fine so that she could get her car back.

Mrs Jenkins wished …………………………………………………….

Exercise 7 a)Listen to people talking about their schooldays (Streamline Unit 43). Be ready to talk about their present and past regrets using wish-sentences (She wishes … She wished … ).

b) Write a paragraph about your schooldays. Use at least six wish-sentences. Start with ‘I wish’ to write about your present regrets and start with ‘I wished’ to write about the regrets you had when you studied at school.

E.g.: When I studied at school I wished I didn’t have so many maths classes. Now as I work at university and count points all the time, I wish I had studied maths better.


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Читайте в этой же книге: Exercise 5 Translate the following sentences into English. | Make sentences about the other soldiers. | Progress Check | By as if, as though | Subjunctive I & Suppositional Mood | In adverbial clauses of purpose |
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The Use of Subjunctive II for Unreal Wishes and Regrets| Progress Check

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