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Choose the proper English word given below.

Читайте также:
  1. A. Look more closely through the first part and decide which of the following statements renders the main idea of the given part.
  2. ACROSS ALL CULTURES, ENGLISH SAYS IT ALL
  3. B) Translate into English.
  4. Brief Discussion on History of English Literature
  5. Complete this memo with the words given below. Translate it into Russian.
  6. Components of intonation and the structure of English tone-group

Ректор университета

_______________А.В. Лагерев

«_____»________________2009 г.

 

 

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК

Методические указания

к разговорной теме «Россия» с применением ролевых игр

Для студентов всех специальностей очной формы обучения

 

 

БРЯНСК 2009


 

УДК 42.07

Английский язык: методические указания к разговорной теме «Россия» с применением ролевых игр для студентов всех специальностей очной формы обучения. – Брянск: БГТУ, 2009. – 15 с.

 

 

Разработала: Зубрилова Т.И.,

ст. преп.

 

Рекомендовано кафедрой «Иностранные языки» БГТУ

(протокол № 3от 30.03.2009)

 


ПРЕДИСЛОВИЕ

 

Данные методические указания (МУ) предназначены для студентов 1 курса всех специальностей.

МУ представляют собой учебно-методический комплекс по изучению разговорной темы «Россия» и составлены в соответствии с требованиями программы по английскому языку для неязыковых вузов.

Цель данных МУ – закрепление навыков и умений студентов в различных видах речевой деятельности.

МУ состоят из трех частей, каждая из которых имеет следующую структуру:

1. Предтекстовые упражнения, направленные на усвоение нового лексического материала.

2. Текст.

3. Послетекстовые упражнения, направленные на закрепление материала.

В состав упражнений входят фонетические и лексико-грамматические упражнения. На завершающем этапе изучения разговорной темы предусматриваются обучающая и ролевая игры.

 

PART I

 

1. Practice the pronunciation of the following geographical names:

 

Baltic Sea - Балтийское море
Pacific Ocean - Тихий океан
Arctic Ocean - Северный Ледовитый океан
Sea of Azov - Азовское море
White Sea - Белое море
Barents Sea - Баренцево море
Okhotsk Sea - Охотское море
Siberian - сибирский
The Urals - Урал (горы)
Europe - Европа
Asia - Азия
Caspian Sea - Каспийское море
Ladoga - Ладожское озеро
Baikal - озеро Байкал
Mongolia - Монголия
China - Китай
Finland - Финляндия
Norway - Норвегия
Georgia - Грузия

 

2. Read and memorize the following words and word combinations:

vast - просторный, обширный
to stretch - простираться
to occupy - занимать
barren - бесплодный, неплодородный
desert - пустыня
peak - пик, вершина
plain - равнина
mountain chain - горная цепь
due to - благодаря
diversity - разнообразие
distinct - отчетливый, ясный
to prevail - преобладать, быть распространенным
pure - чистый
deposit - месторождение
current - текущий, имеющий отношение к настоящему
densely - густо, плотно
outskirts - окраины
to border on - граничить с
former - бывший

 

Make up a situation using the new words and word combinations.

Read the text and outline its main points.

Russia

Russia is one of the largest countries in the world. The vast territory of the Russian Federation stretches from the Baltic Sea in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the east, from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Sea of Azov in the south. It occupies the northern part of Asia and the eastern part of Europe. Russia is washed by twelve seas and three oceans. The northern and eastern coasts of Russia are washed by the White Sea, the Barents Sea and the Okhotsk Sea.

The land of Russia varies a lot from heavy forests to barren deserts, from high peaked mountains to deep valleys. Russia is located on two plains. They are: the Great Russian Plain and the West Siberian Plain. There are three main mountain chains in Russia. The Urals, the longest mountain chain, separates Europe separates Europe from Asia.

Due to the large territory, the climate and nature are of various types in Russia. In Siberia, for example, the climate is continental, it is very cold in winter, but summers may be very hot and dry. In the central part of Russia the climate is rather mild: winters are seldom too cold, and summers are more often warm than hot. The climate in the south is tropical, with hot summers and warm winters; the temperature is usually above zero all year round. But despite the climatic diversity the temperature zone with four distinct seasons prevails.



Russia is the land of long rivers and deep lakes. The broad Volga River System is of great historic, economic and cultural importance to Russia.

The Volga river runs in the Caspian Sea, which is in reality, the largest lake in the world. Also the largest lakes are Ladoga and Baikal. Baikal is the deepest lake in the world and its water is the purest on earth.

The Russian Federation is rich in natural and mineral resources. It has deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, iron ore, gold, nickel and many others.

The current population of Russia is more than 150 million people. The European part of Russia is densely populated. 83 per cent of the population are Russians. The most people live in cities, towns and their outskirts.

Russia borders on fourteen countries, including the former Republics of the USSR, which are independent states now. In the south -east Russia borders on Mongolia and China, in the north -west Finland and Norway, in the south - Georgia.

Загрузка...

 

Post-Text Exercises

 

5. Give the main points of the text answering the following questions:

1. By what oceans and seas Is Russia washed?

2. What landscape does Russia have?

3. What are the main plains of Russia?

4. What is the longest mountain chain of Russia?

5. What is the climate of Russia?

6. What is the importance of the Volga River System to Russia?

7. What famous lakes of Russia do you know?

8. What is lake Baikal noted for?

9. What mineral resources is Russia rich in?

10. What is the current population of Russia?

11. What countries does the Russian Federation border on?

 

Choose the proper English word given below.

1. The Russian Federation has the ... territory.

2. Russia is ... by twelve seas and three oceans.

3. Russia is located on two ....

4. ... the large territory, the climate and nature are of various types in Russia.

5. But despite the climatic ... the temperature zone with four distinct seasons prevails.

6. Russia has ... of oil, natural gas, iron ore and many other mineral resources.

7. The ... population of Russia is more than 150 million people.

8. The most people live in cities, towns and their....

9. Russia... on fourteen countries.


Plain, vast, diversity, due to, to border, current, to be washed, deposit, outskirts.

 

7. Make up a sentence out of two parts:


1. Russia is one of the

2. It occupies the northern part of

3. The land of Russia varies

4. Due to the large territory

5. The broad Volga River System is of

6. Baikal is the deepest lake in the world and

7. The European part of Russia

8. Russia borders on fourteen countries,


1. its water is the purest on

2. is densely populated.

3. largest countries in the world.

4. including the former Republics of the USSR.

5. Asia and the eastern part of Europe.

6. a lot from heavy forests to barren deserts, from high peaked mountains to deep valleys.

7. great historic, economic and cultural importance to Russia.

8. the climate and nature are of various types in Russia.


8. Check your knowledge of the following words and word combinations:

Обширная территория, занимать территорию, неплодородная пустыня, долина, горная цепь, благодаря, климатическое разнообразие, на самом деле, чистейшая вода, месторождения железной руды, густо населенный, окраины больших городов, бывшие республики СССР, граничить с независимым государством.

 


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