(to express general preferences) (to express specific preference)
e.g. I prefer painting to drawing. e.g. I prefer to paint your portrait,
not your sister’s.
Note: In the phrase would prefer … rather than both bare infinitive and gerund can be used.
e.g. I would prefer to spend the weekend at home rather than drive/driving all the way to your mother’s.
(to express an opinion about something) (to think about doing something)
e.g. We consider her to be the best pianist. e.g. He considers leaving his home town for ever.
(without indirect object) (with an indirect object)
e.g. They don’t allow smoking here. We were not allowed to smoke there.
(passive meaning= passive infinitive) (require)
e.g. Your hair needs cutting. = to be cut e.g. I need to know the exact size.
The windows need washing How much money do you need?
4. There is also a group of verbs that can take either infinitive or gerund depending on the voice they are used in or the object they take.
To advise to allow to permit to recommend to encourage
(when they are not followed by an object) (in the passive voice or followed by an object)
e.g. The agency advises booking e.g. The agent advised us to book in advance.
in advance. We were advised to book in advance.
5. With the verbs and phrasal verbs given below only the gerund is used. It is important to remember not only these verbs and phrasal verbs but also the prepositions.
To be aware of
To be afraid of
To accuse of
To approve of
To be capable of
To be incapable of
To complain of
To be conscious of
To be fond of
To speak of
To suspect of
To hear of
To learn of
To think of
to consist of/in
To be ignorant of
To be proud of
To be sure of
To be tired of
To give up the idea of
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|Gerund infinitive|||||to prevent from|